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NOW AND THEN

The American Dream

November 2020

廊坊成河北出口家具主力军 占出口量60%以上

Walter Lippmann

 

We don’t ordinarily think of clichés as having an origin, but of course they do. Someone once said for the first time (and may the gods forgive him), “He can’t see the forest for the trees”; someone else first advised us to “leave no stone unturned. ” So it is with the “American Dream.” This overworked phrase, constantly on the tongues or slipping from the peris of politicians, novelists and dramatists, polemicists of every persuasion, historians, journalists, economists, and sociologists, to name just a few, didn’t arise spontaneously out of the primordial ooze of the American language. Someone thought it up—and this time we know whom to blame. He was the historian James Truslow Adams and he invented “the American Dream” in 1931. He was so proud of his new phrase, in fact, that he made it the theme of his book The Epic of America, published that same year, and would have called the book The American Dream if his publishers had let him.

The phrase paid off nicely for Adams. In one of the worst years of the Depression, when few people could afford the luxury of buying a book, The Epic of America was a spectacular best seller; and not the least of the credit goes to the reaffirmation of traditional American hopes and aspirations Adams subsumed in his new phrase. Adams defined it as “that American dream of a better, richer, and happier life for all our citizens of every rank,” and again as “the hope of a better and freer life, a life in which a man might think as he would and develop as he willed,” and yet again as “a new dynamic hope of rising and growing, of hewing out for themselves a life in which they would not only succeed as men but be recognized as men, a life not only of economic prosperity but of social and self-esteem.” The Dream was the ordinary American’s “Star in the West which led him on over the stormy seas and into the endless forests in search of a home where toil would reap a sure reward, and no dead hands of custom or exaction would push him back into ‘his place.’ ” This message of hope, coming in the midst of social disaster, not only sold the book, it sold the phrase as well. “The American Dream” quickly became a catch phrase; indeed, if phrases yielded royalties, Adams might have retired within the year.

Instead, “the American Dream” entered the public domain, as phrases must, and took on a life of its own. In 1932 the governor of Massachusetts invoked it in a speech before the monument on Bunker Hill and modified its meaning somewhat to suit his own rhetorical purposes. So did George O’Neil, whose play American Dream was produced by the Theatre Guild in 1933. O’Neil was a pessimist who saw the original Dream—represented in his panorama of American history by a young free spirit who breaks away from his Puritan father to strike out on his own—vitiated and then destroyed, first by the forces of nineteenth-century industrialism, then by a modern materialism empty of all ideals. At the end of his play the contemporary representative of the Dream, another young man descended from the first, commits suicide, leaving the Dream, and his wife, to a Marxist. A few years later Michael Foster, in a novel called American Dream, also explored the corruption of original American ideals; but Foster ended his work on an upbeat note. The Dream would “live forever, for it was “not merely the American dream” but the “old, old human faith that somehow, somewhere, a time might come when man would stand on the ruins of an old world and an old self, with the starlight on his shoulders. Were still in the Depression at this point; O’Neil’s pessimism was roundly condemned, Foster’s optimism roundly applauded. By 1942, the worst year of World War II, the optimism had literally—even desperately —become an article of faith. A patriotic pamphlet issued that year by the Woman s Press includes a vesper service entitled The American Dream, complete with a call to worship, a hymn, a litany, and quotations from The Epic of America.

镜头切换到《爱乐之城》的演员和剧组人员那里,他们高兴得抱成一团了,但大家可以听到比蒂好像在说:“应该是爱玛?斯通。”而唐纳薇回应道:“什么?”当《爱乐之城》剧组上台领奖时,可以听到旁边的舞台管理人员说:“哦……哦!天啊!他拿错信封了!”
v. 借,供应货款,
n. 比赛,竞争,竞赛
大型企业PMI为53.1,比上月下降0.7个百分点;中型企业PMI为49.8,回落1.3个百分点,意味着进入轻度收缩。小型企业PMI为49,下降0.4个百分点,意味着收缩加剧。
China's newly issued lunar New Year monkey stamps marking 2016, another Year of the Monkey, also designed by Huang and each with a face value of 1.20 yuan, have attracted much attention, with collectors lining up outside post offices ahead of their release.
达奇斯说:在这一年中,卡夫支持转基因食物,这个决定使得这个品牌成为了2012年的输家。
Best wishes for the holidays and happiness throughout the New Year.
停盘可能对深证综指起到了良好的作用,跌幅达8.22%的深证综指面临自2007年2月27日以来最大单日跌幅。此外根据FastFT的计算,自1996年12月16日中国股市实施10%的每日交易限制以来,今天这个缩短的交易日将列入深证综指第九大单日最大跌幅。
单词distract 联想记忆:
我们坐在这里指点江山,告诉那些球队“你们没指望了,赶紧输球摆烂吧!”这是很容易的,但是我们并不是那些在为球队门票和广告殚精竭虑的家伙们。
Maybe not a supernova player, but a good one who could get them right back on solid footing more quickly than these other teams we're discussing. Play out the season, pay off your debt, and move forward without that hanging over your head.
jar
8. 《疯狂的麦克斯4:狂暴之路》,导演:乔治·米勒。
This is Us
最差问候奖

While the WeChat use of the "post-90s" generation has slightly decreased, from 94.1 percent to 86.6 percent.
The leadership changes across the industry will be of particular interest to female consulting professionals, given none of these firms have ever been run by a woman. Consulting firms are vocal proponents of the business case for improved gender diversity at the top of large companies. It will be interesting to see if any of them decide to practice what they preach.
而是穆斯克在会上表示,预计特斯拉到2015年底将实现10万台的年产量。
吉尔伯特称,冬季假期会让这个领域的热度降低,但真正的试金石在于各家公司能否开发出可以通过“返回考验”的可穿戴设备——如果人们已经走出了家门好几步,依然决定返回去取忘带了的可穿戴设备,就像他们去取忘掉的钱包、钥匙、手机一样,这个设备就成功了。
Some of these people have instead reached for issues that feel close to their concerns: trade, crime, the war on drugs, controlling the borders, fear of Islamist terrorism. All are significant in their own right, and create very real fears for many people, but they have also become a means to have a public conversation about what society’s changes mean for white majorities.
喜剧类最佳男配角:路易?安德森(Louie Anderson),《小丑梦摇篮》(Baskets)
The Wizards need to surge ASAP if they want to stay in this. We saw what happened last year when they waited too long to get it together.
米尔德里德的女儿7个月前遇害,但凶手仍然逍遥法外,主角一怒之下做出了一个大胆的决定:买下了小镇入口三张广告牌并在张贴图片中抨击颇有威望的警长威廉?威洛比。威廉的副手官迪克逊是一个幼稚的妈宝男,有暴力倾向。迪克逊卷入这件事后,米尔德里德和小镇执法系统之间的较量变得愈发激烈了。
na;F(|GWK@bR)
Wallace wrote the book after saying "yes" to everything for a year, a commitment which both advanced his career and landed him in a cult meeting. What the movie didn't show, however, is the sheer number of Internet scams Wallace signed up for. Apparently, saying "yes" all the time has its downfalls in real life.
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这是今年最精致的浪漫电影与最尖锐的反浪漫电影,均来自美国电影界最缜密的聪明人。两部影片之间的关系最好用一首威廉·布莱克(William Blake)的诗歌来总结——《土块与卵石》(The Clod and the Pebble)。
Plans to open 20,000 specialist football schools in 2017, aimed at training young players and cultivating talent, are part of the government's latest plan to advance China's ability to compete on the global pitch.
受能源和大宗商品价格日益下跌影响,中国12月工业生产者出厂价格连续第34个月下跌。
The fear was over downward mobility and cultural changes; the anger was against immigrants and indifferent elites.
韩美林在他的社交媒体上表示,他只设计了吉祥物的水墨画原始版本,对3D版并不知情。某网友对此回应了这位德高望重的艺术家:“我们当然相信这只丑猴和韩大师无关。”
accurate

But some scholars took another tack, not so much disagreeing with Merton’s interpretation as simply ignoring it. To them the Dream was essentially a dream of a better society; it was Utopian in nature and belonged to all those dreamers and reformers, from Sir Thomas More on down, for whom America was the last, best hope of mankind, a place not for the achievement of individual success but for the realization of a perfect society. This is the tack taken by Stewart Holbrook in his book Dreamers of the American Dream, published in 1957, which is largely about American reform movements; by Vernon L. Parrington, Jr., in American Dreams, which is about nineteenth-century Utopian communities; and by men like Archibald MacLeish, with their grand sense of the meaning and purpose of America. Unlike the people of other nations, said MacLeish, “We not only have a national purpose, we have a national purpose of such aspiration, such potentiality, such power of hope that we refer to it—or used to—as the American Dream.”

人们可能会认为,由于课程的灵活性,与全日制项目相比,在线MBA项目将更吸引女性。然而,2016年英国《金融时报》在线MBA排行榜的数据显示,女性占总学员数量的30%。在全日制项目中,女学员占到了35%。
预测人士期望2014年能够成为经济实现突破的一年。但经济能否最终摆脱低迷的增长,还要取决于几个因素出现与此轮复苏刚开始时不一样的表现。以下是其中的几个关键因素:
221位去年上榜的富豪今年跌出榜单,有198位富豪首次入选,去年榜单上有29人去世,今年则有29位重返榜单之人。
Atlas Wearables founder Peter Li says battery technology and user retention are two more obstacles facing the wearables market. Some use cases require significant improvements to battery technology for a compelling experience, he says, and there’s always a balance to be struck between wear time between charges and processing power and features.
n. 批准,认可,同意,赞同
赖特是英国浪漫主义画派的鼻祖之一。这幅作品从1840年起一直由德比郡的一个家族私藏。考虑到目前的行情,它的最低估价仅为10万英镑,还有一个重要因素是它的拍卖款将用于救济叙利亚难民。结果,至少有三位竞拍人把价格推高至66.5万英镑(含佣金)。
championship
The next big attempt at a global climate agreement will come when negotiators from around the world gather in Paris in December. Political activists on climate change wasted no time Friday in citing the 2014 heat record as proof that strong action was needed.
We will ensure workplace safety and people's lives.
?大雪已经降落在西弗吉尼亚州,在韦伯斯特斯普林斯雪的厚度达到17英寸。国家气象局警告说更多的雪还在路上。
5.《出租车司机》
Thirty Seconds of Mars, who are fronted by American actor Jared Leto, took home the Best Alternative award, which also saw Lana Del Rey, Lorde, The XX and Imagine.
Born to royalty in Burma, Olive Yang, who died on July 31, rejected her birthright to become a cross-dressing warlord and opium trafficker.

What the phrase means, to be sure, remains unclear. A look at a few of the scores of recent books and articles referring to it— Restoring the American Dream, Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream, “Aspects of the American Dream in the French Enlightenment,” “Coping With the American Dream”—reveals no particular consensus about what the Dream is. Yet there’s clearly something there—some special quality to the country, something that makes America unique among nations, a sense of aspiration or possibility or open-endedness—that demands a name.

Miley Cyrus
The only things in the way are his staff, Republicans in Congress and the limits of his power. And those are important. Campaign promises of 45 per cent tariffs on Chinese goods have turned into investigations into Beijing’s intellectual property regime.
对家长而言,整天抱着孩子非常费劲,尤其是孩子越来越大、越来越重的时候。
银行业
Shanghai is the most popular destination for new job seekers, followed by Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Beijing. Provincial capitals cities in central and western regions are also among the top choices for the new graduates.
China produced an estimated 420.5 tonnes of gold last year, according to the World Gold Council. Over the same period, Chinese demand for gold rose by 4 per cent to 953.3 tonnes, it said.
She pointed to equal pay, saying it's not "just a woman's issue" but something that affects everyone. "If you have a wife, a mother, a sister, a daughter who is working and they are not being treated fairly, the whole family suffers," Clinton said.
同样的,中国官方最初已批准了凯蒂·派瑞去上海参加维密秀的签证申请,但很快又取消了她的签证。据称,这是因为这位歌手2015年在台湾举办演唱会的时候曾举着一面台湾旗帜并穿着一件印着向日葵的连衣裙。
The joint Sino-American programme delivered by the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and Kellogg School of Management has returned to the top of the Financial Times ranking of the best 100 MBAs for senior executives.
['v?ksi:n]
SETTING: This house is on Modena Island, about 20 miles from downtown Savannah. According to the listing agent, the community is gated and has about 20 houses sited amid live oaks and saltwater marshes. Modena Island is a part of Skidaway Island, which has an oceanography research facility operated by the University of Georgia and a large state park.
CareerCast.com是Adicio Inc.旗下的求职网站。该网站基于体能要求、工作环境、收入、工作压力和职业前景这五项因素,对200种职业进行了先后排名。在确定排名次序时,网站采用的是美国劳工统计局(Bureau of Labor Statistics)等政府部门的数据。与前些年一样,之所以选择这200个职业,是因为考虑到它们在当前劳动力市场的需求程度以及是否能获得相关可靠数据。
The Handmaid's Tale
New Year comes but once a year. But when it comes it brings good cheer.新年一年只有一次,但每次来临都带来喜悦。
这位曾演唱过《Royals》(《皇室贵族》)的少年天才在20岁的时候就在联合制作人杰克·安东诺夫的帮助下更上一层楼,把对电子音乐的无限展望与人类的尺度结合在一起,亲手打造了自己的第二张专辑。

It follows that the form in which the possibilities will be realized must always remain to be seen. Wrote Robert K. Merton, “...in the American Dream there is no final stopping point,” for to stop would be to accept limitations, to wake up from the Dream. The Dream stretches endlessly and forever toward the horizon, then, the lure of “more” and “better” pulling us on; no matter what we accomplish, individually or collectively, it lies just out of reach, and we remain, however self-consciously at times, however ironically, a nation of Dreamers.

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