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The History of Film
The 1970s

The Last Golden Age of American Cinema (the American "New Wave") and the Advent of the Blockbuster Film

Part 1

Film History of the 1970s

Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6

Film History by Decade

Index | Pre-1920s | 1920s | 1930s | 1940s | 1950s | 1960s
1970s | 1980s | 1990s | 2000s
| 2010s
The 1970s Decade

The New Decade for Film-Makers:

70s DecadeAlthough the 1970s opened with Hollywood experiencing a financial and artistic depression, the decade became a creative high point in the US film industry. Restrictions on language, adult content and sexuality, and violence had loosened up, and these elements became more widespread. The hippie movement, the civil rights movement, free love, the growth of rock and roll, changing gender roles and drug use certainly had an impact. And Hollywood was renewed and reborn with the earlier collapse of the studio system, and the works of many new and experimental film-makers (wrongly nicknamed "Movie Brats") during a Hollywood New Wave.

More importantly, their inventions may even eventually be turned into products that benefit mankind.
“让人们感到不幸福的原因有很多——从贫穷,失业,家庭破碎到身体伤害” 报告声称,“但在一些特定的社会中,慢性的精神性疾病却是幸福的‘头号杀手’。如果我们想要一个更加幸福的世界,我们需要花更多努力来关心人们的心理健康。”
People who are skeptical about this argument just need look at smartphones and personal computers, which have served as the technological driving force of the past century.
皮耶里在大型消费类产品公司工作过多年,如Stride Rite和科迪斯(Keds)等。所以,这种夫妻店在推出新产品时所遇到的困难令皮耶里感到失望。她解释道:“越创新的产品,因为与主流和‘已知’相悖,因而越难销售。”因此,她在五年前成立了The Grommet,这个信息分享平台会将消费者与发明者的故事和产品联系起来。皮耶里的公司帮助发布的产品包括自制碳酸饮料机Sodastream和智能腕带Fitbit。她一直把惠普公司(HP)CEO梅格惠特曼作为自己的导师,并在哈佛商学院(Harvard Business School)担任入驻企业家。
时间:2010-03-09 编辑:vicki
单词lasting 联想记忆:

Rihanna, who came in at second place, earned her runner-up position "following another 12-month period in which she was absolutely bloody everywhere and yet we all entirely failed to get sick of her," per FHM.

Young viewers and directors, who refused to compromise with mediocre film offerings, supported stretching the boundaries and conventional standards of film even more in this decade. Although the 50s and 60s were noted for wide-screen epics on CinemaScopic silver screens (and lighter formulaic, squeaky-clean fare such as Pillow Talk (1959) or Beach Blanket Bingo (1965)), the 70s decade was noted for films with creative and memorable subject matter that reflected the questioning spirit and truth of the times. Films that had done well in the 1960s, such as The Sound of Music (1965) would not fare well in later years with the same stars and genre, such as Star! (1968).

The Strawberry StatementMotion picture art seemed to flourish at the same time that the defeat in the Vietnam War, the Kent State Massacre, the Watergate scandal, President Nixon's fall, the Munich Olympics shoot-out, increasing drug use, and a growing energy crisis showed tremendous disillusion, a questioning politicized spirit among the public and a lack of faith in institutions - a comment upon the lunacy of war and the dark side of the American Dream (documented, for instance, in the bicentennial year's All the President's Men (1976) or in Altman's M*A*S*H (1970)). Even Spielberg's Jaws (1975) could be interpreted as an allegory for the Watergate conspiracy.

Other films that were backed by the studios reflected the tumultuous times, the discontent toward the government, lack of US credibility, and hints of conspiracy paranoia, such as in Alan J. Pakula's post-Watergate film The Parallax View (1974) with Warren Beatty as a muckraking investigator of a Senator's death. The Strawberry Statement (1970), derived from James S. Kunen's journal and best-selling account of the 1968 student strike at Columbia and exploited for its countercultural message of activism by MGM, echoed support of student campus protests. Although the film was expected to do well, it flopped - along with other films in a second exploitative deluge or wave of hip youth films.

Many other copy-cat or derivative films that failed with audiences (after Easy Rider's success) included:

  • Richard Rush's Getting Straight (1970) about a returning Vietnam vet (Elliott Gould) attending college and mediating a campus riot
  • Antonioni's American-made R-rated Zabriskie Point (1970) about youth rebellion (ending with a desert orgy)
  • Joe - 1970 director John Avildsen's low-budget, exploitational and violent urban drama Joe (1970) that eventually grossed $20 million - with the tagline "Keep America Beautiful" presented an ugly view of countercultural life; Peter Boyle in a career-launching film starred as an enraged, intolerant, narrow-minded and bigoted blue-collar, hard-hat metal factory worker named Joe Curran; he continually felt threatened and hated all marginalized types of people: ("queers," hippies, blacks, etc.), and spouted his racist views (typical of blue-collar reactionaries in the early unsettled times of the 70s regarding the counterculture) about drug users, hippies in communes, and liberals: ("These kids s--t on ya. They s--t on your life. They s--t on everything you believe in. They s--t on everything"); the film also featured a debut role (with some nudity) for Susan Sarandon as Melissa Compton - a drug-addicted hippie flower-girl in Greenwich Village who was the daughter of a wealthy advertising executive; she OD'd on amphetamines as a result of her corruptive boyfriend Frank's drug-dealing; the loud-mouthed and brash Joe would soon become friends with Frank's murderer, Melissa's Madison Ave. executive-father Bill (Dennis Patrick), leading to a tragic freeze-framed ending (similar to the shocking massacres in the endings of Easy Rider (1969) and Bonnie and Clyde (1968) - this time murdered hippies!)
  • Stuart Rosenberg's unfunny comedy Move (1970) with Elliott Gould as a married New Yorker who wrote pornography
  • Stanley Kramer's political drama R.P.M. (1970) (aka Revolutions Per Minute) starring Anthony Quinn as a West Coast liberal college Professor "Paco" Perez who faced campus turmoil and unrest from activist radicals when he became the university's President
  • Paul Williams' socio-political drama The Revolutionary (1970), with Jon Voight headlining as the title character known only as "A" - a print-shop worker who became radicalized and violent
  • writer/director Dennis Hopper's incoherent follow-up film The Last Movie (1971) - it was a tremendous embarrassment and well-publicized fiasco for Universal Studios that illustrated the dangers of giving in to auteurism

1960s social activism often turned into an inward narcissism, and yet this uncertain age still gave rise to some of the finest, boldest, and most commercially-successful films ever made (partially due to an increased experience with marketing and advertising), such as the instant Oscar-winning blockbuster 商家进建材市场 要交质量保证金 by a virtually untested director, William Friedkin's horror classic 不惧港府“空置税” 二季度香港豪宅成交飙升, Spielberg's Jaws (1975) and 三问房企“激战”粤港澳大湾区, and Lucas' Star Wars (1977).

Taking Off (1971)The decade also spawned equally memorable cult films, as diverse as Monte Hellman's Two-Lane Blacktop (1971) and the quirky Willy Wonka & The Chocolate Factory (1971). Jerry Schatzberg's and 20th Century Fox's raw, relentless and uncompromising The Panic in Needle Park (1971) (produced by Dominick Dunne) starkly portrayed heroin drug use among addicts in New York City, with Al Pacino in his first major acting role as a drug pusher and part of a heroin-doomed couple (opposite Kitty Winn). Czechoslovakian film-maker Milos Forman's first American film Taking Off (1971) insightfully satirized the adult middle-class and its supposed generation gap from the youth generation. There were also times when expected hits turned to disasters, however, such as the musical fantasy remake Lost Horizon (1973) and Martin Scorsese's darkly expressionistic period musical New York, New York (1977).

As fall arrived and school began, D'Aloisio felt immense pressure to deliver for his backers. He needed to whip his algorithm into better shape, so he contracted a team of Israeli coders who specialize in natural language processing. Searching on Google, he found and hired a retired professor living in Thailand who'd written seminal books on the topic. 'He became our main scientist,' says D'Aloisio. 'He now works at Yahoo! in the Sunnyvale office.'
n. 图形,数字,形状; 人物,外形,体型
No. What has been billed as the largest ever IPO is a cornerstone of de facto leader Mohammed bin Salman’s grand economic restructuring, so it must happen. Shares in Aramco will be quoted on the local stock exchange. The international element of the IPO is unlikely to be a public listing, however. Donald Trump has lobbied for New York, and London is pulling all the stops. Hong Kong and Tokyo are also under consideration. But the Saudis will opt instead for a private sale, or choose to list internationally later than anticipated.
On the sales front, General Motors and Ford F -0.13% lost market share to Chrysler, which leveraged its Jeep brand to previously unimagined heights – and then, metaphorically left its heritage behind when it established legal domicile in the Netherlands and changed its name to FCA US LLC.
Apple Inc., Alphabet Inc.'s Google, and Coca-Cola Co. topped the list of the world's 100 most valuable brands in 2016, while technology and automotive brands dominated the overall rankings, according to a new report from brand consultancy Interbrand.
考夫曼和同事加雷思?哈里斯(Gareth Harris)发现,居住在那些人种快速多样化地域的英国白人更倾向于投给右翼的英国国家党(British National Party)。宾夕法尼亚大学政治学教授丹尼尔?霍普金斯(Daniel Hopkins)在美国发现了相似的民族变化导致反移民政策的规律。
The IOM says fewer than 35,000 migrants, or about three percent, have crossed by land into Greece and Bulgaria from Turkey.

Slice stems at a 45 degree angle.This leaves a larger exposed area so blossoms can absorb as much water as possible, and also allows stems to stand on point, s

The growth of cable TV was regarded as a serious threat to advertiser-supported broadcast television networks, independent stations, and movie theaters. These older institutions were protected by Federal Communications Commission rulings that restricted cable systems from importing distant television signals. After cable deregulation in the early '70s, one of the earliest subscription-based cable networks was The Green Channel. After Time Inc. backed it in 1972, the name changed to HBO (Home Box Office), and the channel began using microwave transmission when the Service Electric Company offered the programming over a small Wilkes-Barre, PA CATV system.

Its debut included a hockey game and the first commercial-free airing of Sometimes a Great Notion (1970). The three-year-old company, basing its revenues on subscribers, bet HBO's future on satellite programming distribution and signed a six-year, $7.5 million contract to allow access to RCA's recently-launched communications satellite Satcom I in 1975. HBO inaugurated its satellite-delivered cable service nationwide with the live transmission of the Ali vs. Frazier boxing match ("Thrilla in Manila") in October 1975. The move made HBO the first successful, satellite-delivered pay cable service in the U.S.

The Search for a Blockbuster and Blockbuster TV Marketing

Jaws - 1975 The "so-called" Renaissance of Hollywood was built upon perfecting some of the traditional film genres of Hollywood's successful past - with bigger, block-buster dimensions. Oftentimes, studios would invest heavily in only a handful of bankrolled films, hoping that one or two would succeed profitably. In the 70s, the once-powerful MGM Studios sold off many of its assets, abandoned the film-making business, and diversified into other areas (mostly hotels and casinos).

Much of the focus was on box-office receipts and the production of action- and youth-oriented, blockbuster films with dazzling special effects. But it was becoming increasingly more difficult to predict what would sell or become a hit. Hollywood's economic crises in the 1950s and 1960s, especially during the war against the lure of television, were somewhat eased with the emergence in the 70s of summer "blockbuster" movies or "event films" marketed to mass audiences, especially following the awesome success of two influential films:

Both films were masterfully-made, non-controversial genre films - and presaged what would be coming in the years and decades to come. Although the budget for Jaws grew from $4 million to $9 million during production, it became the highest grossing film in history - until Star Wars. Both Jaws and Star Wars were the first films to earn more than $100 million in rentals.

Movie Ticket[The average ticket price for a film in 1971 was $1.65, and by 1978 cost about two and a half dollars in first-run theatres. Second-run film theatres could charge less and often dropped their admission price to $1.00. The average film budget by 1978 was about $5 million - increasing dramatically to $11 million by 1980 due to inflation and rising costs. Therefore, production of Hollywood films decreased precipitously in the late 70s, e.g., down to 354 releases in 1978 compared to the previous year's total of 560.]

New Markets for Hollywood's Products:

The emergence of ancillary markets for Hollywood's products emerged during this decade:

  • HBO Logo (1972-1975)cable television - the first pay/premium television channel, Home Box Office (HBO), was founded in 1972; in 1975, HBO demonstrated the popularity of its programming and became the first in the television industry to use satellites for regular transmission of programming, with its "Thrilla in Manila" boxing match between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier
  • the success of HBO in the mid-'70s spurred the growth of cable TV. Soon after, new satellite-delivered basic and premium cable TV networks were successfully competing against the major TV networks in the late '70s and early '80s, including movie channels such as Viacom's Showtime (1976, with satellite broadcast in 1978), Warner Amex's The Movie Channel (1979), Time/HBO's Cinemax (1980), The Disney Channel (1983) and American Movie Classics (AMC) (1984).
  • 我在喜马拉雅山的山脚下度过了青春岁月,当时有个朋友被我们称为“追梦人”。他每天都在享受最微妙的乐趣——用五颜六色标注蝴蝶、数地平线上的高峰,对着形状各异的云朵编故事。他是个快乐的家伙,对生活的美妙深有体会,容易兴奋激动。亲爱的2013届毕业生,我认识这家伙很多年了,今天我坐下来给你们写这篇文章的时候,突然想到了他。
    n. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数
  • pay cable television was able to allow profanity and sex beyond what could be offered on commercial network television - outrageous comedian George Carlin's first comedy special was aired on HBO as On Location: George Carlin at USC (1977) with cautionary disclaimers about the use of strong language; it was the first of many HBO comedy concert broadcasts
  • multi-plex theaters - the proliferation of multi-screen chain theaters in suburban areas, replacing big movie palaces, meant that more movies could be shown to smaller audiences; the world's largest cineplex (with 18 theaters) opened in Toronto in 1979
  • publicity/celebrity magazines - after Life Magazine discontinued its weekly publications in 1972, People Magazine - first published as a weekly magazine in March of 1974 (with Mia Farrow on its first cover), took over the role of celebrity watching and film promotion for the industry
  • Hollywood realized that it could increase its profits by advertising its new releases on television - first shown to be successful with the massive TV marketing campaign (of $700,000 for three nights of nationwide prime-time TV ads on all the networks) for Jaws (1975). Universal called it "the biggest national TV spot campaign in industry history." The film was also booked into almost 500 theatres for its opening weekend - a record!
  • Gone With the Wind (1939) first aired on network TV in 1976 and drew a huge audience over two nights - about 34 million people - the largest ever film audience to watch a feature film on television

中钢协定性近期钢价上涨是炒作 钢企调控压力骤增

  • earlier in the previous decade, Ampex in 1963 offered the first consumer version of a videotape recorder at an exorbitant price of $30,000; other iterations would follow, such as Sony's introduction of the videocassette recorder (VCR) in 1969, and the introduction of the U-Matic in 1972
  • Sony Betamaxin 1972, the AVCO CartriVision System was the first videocassette recorder to have pre-recorded tapes of popular movies (from Columbia Pictures) for sale and rental -- three years before Sony's Betamax system emerged into the market. However, the company went out of business a year later
  • the appearance of Sony's Betamax (the first home VCR or videocassette recorder) in 1975 offered a cheaper sales price of $2,000 and recording time of up to one hour; this led to a boom in sales - it was a technically-superior format when compared to the VHS System that was marketed by JVC and Matsushita beginning in 1976
  • Consumers had a choice of two playing/recording formats in the late ’70s: VHS (Video Home System) or Sony’s Betamax.
  • in 1976, Paramount became the first to authorize the release of its film library onto Betamax videocassettes. In 1977, 20th Century Fox would follow suit, and begin releasing its films on videotape
  • VHS Videocassette Tape Boxin 1977, RCA introduced the first VCRs in the United States based on JVC's VHS system, capable of recording up to four hours on 1/2" magnetic videocassette tape (with a flip-up cover at its front), or 2 hours with better quality
  • by the late 70s, Sony's market share in sales of Betamax VCRs was below that of sales of VHS machines; consumers chose the VHS' longer videocassette tape time and larger tape size, over Sony's smaller and shorter tape time (of 1 hour) [Note: by 1987, about 90 percent of the $5.25 billion market of VCRs sold in the United States were based on the VHS format.]
  • video sales - the first films on videotape were released by the Magnetic Video Corporation (a company founded in 1968 by Andre Blay in Detroit, Michigan, the first video distribution company) - it licensed fifty films for release from 20th Century Fox for $300,000 in October, 1977; it began to license, market and distribute half-inch videotape cassettes (both Betamax and VHS) to consumers; it was the first company to sell pre-recorded videos; M*A*S*H (1970) was Magnetic's most popular title
  • video rentals - in 1977, George Atkinson of Los Angeles began to advertise the rental of 50 Magnetic Video titles of his own collection in the Los Angeles Times, and launched the first video rental store, Video Station, on Wilshire Boulevard, renting videos for $10/day; within 5 years, he franchised more than 400 Video Station stores across the country
  • in 1978, Philips introduced the video laser disc (aka laserdisc and LD) -- the first optical disc storage media for the consumer market; Pioneer began selling home LaserDisc players in 1980
  • eventually, the laserdisc systems would be replaced by the DVD ("digital versatile disc") format in 1997 and within a decade entirely replaced VHS systems; the last stand-alone JVC VHS VCR was produced in October of 2008.

Initially considered a threat to movies because consumers could tape off-the-air, the technology was re-evaluated once studios discovered lucrative sales and rentals from taped versions of their commercially-released movies. This was a new income stream that actually promoted and stimulated business. VHS video players, laser disc players and the release of films on videocassette tapes and discs multiplied as prices plummeted, creating a new industry and adding substantial revenue and profits for the movie studios. All of the major Hollywood studios had their own video divisions (e.g., Warner Bros. formed Warner Home Video in the late '70s), and by the late '80s in the U.S., income from video rentals was double that of the theatrical box office. Also, independent film-makers and producers could now market their films more effectively by distributing tapes and discs for viewing.

8. Pour-Protection by Pet Life
adj. 暴露的,无掩蔽的,暴露于风雨中的 v. 暴露,
The memes were shared as part of a private Facebook chat where admitted students in the class of 2021 shared edgy jokes as part of a "just-because-we-got-into-Harvard-doesn't-mean-we-can't-have-fun kind of thing", an admitted student told the Harvard Crimson.
Beyoncé vs. Jennifer
Barrymore's condition was based on the real life of Michelle Philpots, who suffered head trauma in two separate motor vehicle accidents, which left her with a 24-hour memory. Rather than using Sandler's tapes, Philpots has survived for over 23 years using Post-it notes and her (amazingly modern, from her perspective) mobile phone.
US News also offers subject-focused rankings, which include popular fields such as computer science, economics and business and engineering.

建筑外墙 能“吃”雾霾

Right now, she's focusing on her modeling career, but also hopes to branch out into acting.

Zhang's piece is “so lush and so rich and so full and so complete,” Google Doodle team leader Ryan Germick told the Washington Post. “Every leaf seemed to have life in it.”
The highest newly ranked school is Université Paris-Dauphine at 57.
She says she noticed the similarities between her and the Disney character when she first saw the film in December, calling the experience eerie.
尽管中国在设计制造能与波音737或空客A320媲美的大飞机上仍有很长的路要走,但发展趋势很显著。中国航空工业正走向一个崭新的发展阶段并不断迈向成熟。The first flight of the Comac C919. Credit: Comac
Keep around people who like to remind you how smart you are, and stay even though they think you are a dick.

Changes from Traditional Hollywood Movie Studios:

The established Hollywood movie studios (except for Universal and Walt Disney's Buena Vista) no longer directly controlled production. Although studios still dominated film distribution, other areas including production, filming and financing (in whole or part) were increasingly in the hands of independent studios, producers, and/or agents. A new generation of movie stars, including Jack Nicholson, Al Pacino, Robert De Niro, and Dustin Hoffman - were more skilled as "character actors," who could adapt and mold their screen images to play a number of diverse roles.

Creative Artists AgencyIn 1975, the Creative Artists Agency was founded by Michael Ovitz and two of his colleagues (formerly William Morris Agency agents) to represent actors and become a 'packager' of talent for film projects - resulting in the creation of competition among agents. And conglomerate investment corporations were buying up many of the studios' properties as part of their leisure entertainment divisions, with decisive power over decisions about the number of films and which hopefully-profitable projects to choose. All the elements of a film were brought together and packaged - the 'properties' of original screenplay, novel, or stage play were combined with proven box office stars, directors, and marketing strategies.

The cheaper cost of on-location filming (using Cinemobiles or film studios on wheels) encouraged more location shoots, or filming in rented production facilities. Faster film stock, lightweight cinematographic equipment, and the influence of the cinema vérité movement brought less formal styles to American productions. The functions of film makers were beginning to merge - there were actor-producers, director-producers, writer-producers, actor-writers, and more.

Rocky - 1976For example, the decade's popular independent hit and Best Picture winner, director John Avildsen's sports film Rocky (1976) was the first (and best) in a long series of self-parody sequels that featured rags-to-riches actor and unknown scriptwriter Sylvester Stallone as underdog, inarticulate, Philadelphia boxer Rocky Balboa (inspired by boxer Chuck Wepner) in a "Cinderella" story. [As an up-and-coming star, Stallone had earlier co-scripted and starred as leather-jacketed Stanley Rosiello, opposite Henry Winkler as Butchey Weinstein, in the coming-of-age gang drama The Lords of Flatbush (1974).] The film's hero actually lost his bout after taking a brutal beating from Apollo Creed (inspired by Muhammad Ali), but he 'went the distance' and won girlfriend Adrian!

The low-budget boxing film was one of the first major feature films to utilize the revolutionary "Steadicam" developed by inventor Garrett Brown. Bound for Glory (1976) marked its first use. It was a hand-held camera that produced fluid, unjerky motion shots - during the choreographed bouts and the scene in which the boxer jogged up the steps of the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

8. Smart bottle opener

Song “Chinese Zodiac” (Lee-Hom Wang)
In the episode "The Little Kicks," we get to see Elaine's fabulously hilarious dance moves. It's almost impossible to imagine a version of Seinfeld in which Elaine doesn't dance in such a funky way. And yet shockingly, this was almost the case. Writer Spike Fereston knew that series creator Larry David was against the dance, and he was only able to get it approved after David left. He was able to get the dance approve, but still received a lot of push back from the other writers.
TAXES: Approximately $18,036 a year
上班迟到,休息后又迟回工作岗位表现出来的是一种傲慢、随便的工作态度。 因此,快速或者甚至是稍微提前一点进入工作状态说明你有时间观念,你确实很在乎工作和别人时间。
"There are always jobs," Challenger says. "Companies are always hiring. But the competition is much tougher."
5. Gross warns: 'Ponzi Scheme! Tipping Point! Credit Supernova!'
The central government has allocated a special fund of 100 billion yuan to provide assistance to workers laid off from overcapacity cuts, and also has asked local governments to set up matching funds.

Corman hired the likes of Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, Jonathan Demme, Joe Dante, Peter Bogdanovich, James Cameron, Jack Nicholson, Robert DeNiro, Paul Bartel, and Robert Towne. He gave many of these novices their first career-breaking employment opportunities, as actors, producers, directors, writers, members of film crews, etc. He encouraged them to produce personally-relevant and creative works of art, and new genre interpretations. This support revived the notion of auteurism (the belief that the director was most influential and responsible for creating a film's ultimate form, meaning and content).

Some of the Prominent Movie Brats (or Geeks) of the 70s - a New Hollywood
George Lucas (USC)
Robert Altman
John Carpenter (USC)
Francis Ford Coppola (UCLA)
Bob Rafelson
William Friedkin
Alan Pakula
Terrence Malick
Martin Scorsese (NYU)
Michael Ritchie
Brian De Palma (Columbia and Sarah Lawrence)
Woody Allen
Peter Bogdanovich
Paul Mazursky
Michael Cimino
Hal Ashby
Steven Spielberg
John Cassavetes
Paul Schrader (UCLA)
John Milius (USC)
Dennis Hopper
Mike Nichols
David Lynch
George Romero
Wes Craven
John Milius
James Cameron
Jonathan Demme
Joe Dante
Bruce Dern
Ron Howard
Gale Anne Hurd
John Sayles
Paul Bartel

For instance, Peter Bogdanovich's directorial debut was for Targets (1968), made for AIP. And Francis Ford Coppola directed (and scripted) Corman's horror-thriller film Dementia 13 (1963) - it was Coppola's first mainstream picture. Jack Nicholson appeared in a number of early Corman movies, including his screen debut in The Cry Baby Killer (1958) and later a small role in The Little Shop of Horrors (1960) - about a carnivorous pet plant. One of Martin Scorsese's earliest-directed films (and his first commercially-conventional film) was Corman's Boxcar Bertha (1972) with Barbara Hershey and David Carradine as two Depression-era outlaw folk heroes. Writer/director Jonathan Demme's directorial debut was for Corman's Caged Heat (1974) -- a memorable women-in-prison film with lots of sex, nudity, action and violence. And Monte Hellman's two westerns Ride in the Whirlwind (1965) and The Shooting (1967) both starred Jack Nicholson (who also co-wrote and produced the first film).

Technically it is a project of the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations to bring all of its trade deals in the region under one umbrella. It also lacks the ambition on many fronts of the TPP.
三月四日在好莱坞高地中心Mary J. Blige, Miguel, Gael García Bernal, Andra Day, Natalia LaFourcade, Keala Settle, Sufjan Stevens and Common将会演唱自己的原创歌曲来庆贺第90届奥斯卡。
“BlackBerry has not engaged in discussions with Samsung with respect to any possible offer to purchase BlackBerry,” the company said in a statement issued Wednesday afternoon. “BlackBerry’s policy is not to comment on rumors or speculation, and accordingly it does not intend to comment further.”
“We need to do what the mayor wants everybody to do, and that is build more housing,” said Steven Spinola, the president of the Real Estate Board of New York. However, “if the numbers don’t work, if the rent that is coming in is less than the cost of maintaining the building, then you are not going to do it.”
Marlohe will shoot the Malick film concurrently with the ongoing press tour for Skyfall.
The 5.5-percent increase this year is reasonable given a less anticipated consumer price index (CPI) as well as slower salary and GDP growth, said Jin Weigang, head of the social security research institute under the MOHRSS.

May the glow of New Year candle fill your heart with peace and pleasure and make your New Year bright.Have a love filled New Year!愿新年的烛光带给你祥和与喜悦,祝你新年充满爱。
Horowitz admitted that while doing so he has had to work carefully to preserve 007's characters and attitude as created by the spy novel’s first author Ian Fleming, who died in 1964.
The ranking measures the quality and breadth of the schools’ postgraduate programmes. Schools must take part in all four rankings to be eligible for a full score. LBS rose from third last year by participating in all four rankings for the first time.
But many others cities that have featured prominently in recent months remained relatively undaunted by the new popularity of purchasing curbs, as prices remained substantially elevated from a year earlier.
If nothing else, it's clear that when it comes to the summer, the NBA season doesn't really ever stop. It just switches gears.

Old guard veterans were perplexed by the rapid change and lost some of their cutting edge or clout with a change in movie audience compositions. The once-provocative writer/director Billy Wilder could only come up with one hit in the 1960s decade (the popular odd-couple comedy The Fortune Cookie (1966)) while everything else fizzled (e.g., two romantic comedies including Irma La Douce (1963) with Shirley MacLaine as a Parisian prostitute, and the Dean Martin vehicle Kiss Me, Stupid (1964) - surprisingly 'condemned' by the Catholic League of Decency for its debauchery). And then in the 70s, Wilder had four unimpressive and mediocre films (the heavily-edited and recut The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes (1970), Avanti! (1972), The Front Page (1974), and Fedora (1978)). He ended his notable film-making career with the slight farce Buddy, Buddy (1981) - another effort with Jack Lemmon.

Another Golden Age veteran Vincente Minnelli also suffered in the new more youth-oriented decade with only two films in the 1970s before ending his directorial career: the musical On a Clear Day You Can See Forever (1970) starring Barbra Streisand, and the poorly-received drama A Matter of Time (1976) starring his own daughter - singer/actress Liza Minnelli.

Alfred Hitchcock:

As a footnote to the decade, director Alfred Hitchcock (without ever winning a Best Director Oscar) returned to England after his disappointing films Torn Curtain (1966) and Topaz (1969) to make his first British film in almost two decades - Frenzy (1972). His first Hollywood film had been Rebecca (1940), and his last film was in this decade - the lightweight thriller Family Plot (1976).

George Lucas

American Graffiti - 1973 THX 1138 - 1971USC graduate George Lucas added his name to the list of new directors. His first film, produced by American Zoetrope and executive-produced by Francis Coppola, was a full-length version of a student science-fiction film he had made earlier - the nightmarish vision of a dehumanized future in THX 1138 (1971). The numerical moniker would appear as an 'in-joke' in later Lucas works: as the license plate of John Milner's car in 水泥玻璃产能严重过剩项目禁止上市融资, as the number of the cell block holding "Chewbacca" in Star Wars (1977), in other films of the Star Wars series (except for Jedi), and in numerous other films (i.e., Swingers (1996), Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow (2004)).

His second film that he co-wrote and directed, the low-budget 房产企业“金九”不再“金”:增收不增利现象凸显 was a warm-hearted, rites-of-passage film about a number of California teenagers (unknowns who became future stars including Harrison Ford, Cindy Williams, Mackenzie Phillips, and Richard Dreyfuss, among others) in the early 60s who pointlessly cruised down the main strip of their small town [Modesto, CA] in hot-rods one long summer night - accompanied by a non-stop soundtrack of rock 'n' roll hits (opening with Bill Haley and the Comets). The film's tagline or slogan encouraged nostalgia: "Where were you in '62?" Teenage archetypes included the hot-rod loving delinquent (Paul Le Mat), the brainy student (Richard Dreyfuss), the stereotypical class president (Ron Howard), and the nerd (Charles Martin Smith).

In 1971, Lucas formed his own film company, Lucasfilm Ltd., in San Rafael, California that soon evolved into a number of specialized companies. Before his next major hit (数百亿线上交易规模 家居建材电商将成下一座金矿), Lucas organized Industrial Light and Magic (ILM), a post-production facility in Marin County to advance the area of special effects, modeling, sound design, computer-generated effects, and other ground-breaking techniques.

John Carpenter

Halloween - 1978Little-known at first, John Carpenter directed the cult sci-fi film Dark Star (1974) - a feature length derivative of a student short made while he was studying film at USC. It was a parody of Stanley Kubrick's 家居业瞄向新三板 上市后仍恐面临融资难 (Carpenter composed all of the musical scores for his films beginning with Dark Star.) He also directed the low-budget action thriller Assault on Precinct 13 (1976) (a modernized remake of Howard Hawks' Rio Bravo (1959)).

Carpenter became noticed, especially after his highly-successful, low-budget slasher film Halloween (1978) - it was his third feature film and the highest-grossing independent film made in the US up to that time. The hard-to-kill, masked, knife-wielding stalker Michael Myers suspensefully pursued a young, small-town babysitter Jamie Lee Curtis (later becoming the 'Queen of Horror') on Halloween night in a small mid-western town. In its wake, the profitable and stylishly-made film (often seen from the point of view of the killer), with its spooky recognizable soundtrack, spawned a mini-horror film boom, with many lesser 'psycho-slasher' or teen-scream films appearing into the 1980s.

Bob Rafelson

Five Easy Pieces - 1970Former writer, producer, and director in television (and noted for the Monkees television series), Bob Rafelson turned to movies in the late 60s. His feature debut was, predictably, the slapstick Monkees film Head (1968), co-written with Jack Nicholson. His second film (which brought Rafelson a Best Screenplay nomination) was one of the best of the 70s, 东莞租房提取公积金每月上限增至1800元, a fascinating, yet shattering 'road movie' story of an emotionally-alienated classical concert pianist named Bobby Dupea (Jack Nicholson shortly after his work in Easy Rider). He was displaced from his upper-class family and had fled to Southern California as a blue-collar oil-field rigger where he lived with a low-class waitress named Rayette (Karen Black) (who listened to Tammy Wynette music). His life was one of endless partying, promiscuous sex, playing cards and drinking. After years of exile, he returned to his ailing father on the family's isolated island estate in the Puget Sound area, where he again felt alienated and lost. In the film's final moments, he impulsively escaped again - abandoning Rayette at a gas station and hitching to places unknown in the north.

In the 70s, Rafelson also directed a follow-up film The King of Marvin Gardens (1972) with Jack Nicholson, Bruce Dern and Ellen Burstyn, and the quirky Stay Hungry (1976) with Sally Field and Jeff Bridges (and a very early performance by Arnold Schwarzenegger). His next notable film was the sexy remake The Postman Always Rings Twice (1981) with Jack Nicholson and Jessica Lange.

Alan Pakula

All the President's Men - 1976Another former film producer Alan Pakula directed Liza Minnelli in her second film role in The Sterile Cuckoo (1969) a poignant, oddball comedy/drama about a neurotic and eccentric college student named Pookie Adams.

Pakula's best films in the 70s were Klute (1971) - a superb detective thriller about the stalking of a tough New York hooker (Jane Fonda won an Academy Award for her performance), and the compelling political melodrama All the President's Men (1976) about two young, non-conformist, Pulitzer Prize-winning Washington Post news reporters Woodward and Bernstein (Robert Redford and Dustin Hoffman) who bucked the system and investigated the 1972 Watergate break-in, burglary, and subsequent cover-up. Pakula also directed the believable and gripping political conspiracy thriller The Parallax View (1974) - casting Warren Beatty as a journalist investigating a presidential candidate's assassination. Burt Reynolds starred with Jill Clayburgh in Alan Pakula's popular adult romantic comedy Starting Over (1979).

Film History of the 1970s
Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6

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