Dropping F-bombs can possibly help increase a person's pain threshold, research has shown -- and, according to a follow-up pain management experiment, using made-up swear words doesn't quite garner the same results.
The original 2009 experiment suggested that swearing under the right circumstances can increase a person's pain threshold. To test the theory, Richard Stevens, a British psychologist from Keele University, conducted an experiment in which people immersed their hand in ice-cold water.
The act of cursing enabled them to withstand more pain, the findings suggested. "The simple act of swearing during the experiment enabled participants to perceive decreased pain and tolerate increased pain," Science Alert had reported.
Further research found that people who swear often had a lesser increase in pain tolerance than those who don't. In another test, whose findings were published in April, Stephens and a colleague had 92 participants utter made-up swear words to see if random words yielded any benefits.
Recipient: His Royal Highness Prince Harry
One of the best James Bond theme songs wasn't actually played over the opening credits, so we're giving it our first honorable mention. This enormously romantic song from On Her Majesty's Secret Service is one of the few James Bond themes that helps tell the story of the film, in which our hero finally meets the love of his life. (Alas, it was short-lived.) Satchmo warbles his trademark warble, our hearts melt, and a classic is born.
Format: Five residential periods with online learning in between
The F-word was linked to a 32 percent increase in pain threshold and a 33 percent increase in pain tolerance, according to the publication. The made-up words had no beneficial impact.
"While it is not properly understood how swear words gain their power, it has been suggested that swearing is learned during childhood and that aversive classical conditioning contributes to the emotionally arousing aspects of swear word use," the researchers write in their paper, which was published last month.
The Kings also still owe a future first (unprotected in 2019 at worst) to Philly for the honor of being able to sign Rajon Rondo, Kosta Koufos, and Marco Belinelli. Talk about a team with no damn plan.
Stanford Graduate School of Business in California rises from fifth place in 2016 to second, a position it last held in 2014. The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania is in third place.