HOW DOES HEALTH LITERACY AFFECT PATIENTS' HEALTH?

A large body of research shows that health literacy affects nearly every aspect of health, from medical knowledge to mortality.3 Below are some of the key research findings and examples. On average, adults with low health literacy have:

  • Less knowledge about their medical conditions4
    • Tongzhou was designated as the site of a new administrative center for the municipal government to help relieve the current heavy pressure on public services in downtown Beijing, where the central government is located.
    • Potus v Korus
  • Less use of preventive health services5, 6
    • 填海造陆空置严重:深圳一港区四百余公顷十年无项目
  • Difficulty in performing disease self-management
    • May not use an asthma inhaler correctly7
    • Have difficulty reading and understanding prescription drug labels8
    • May not effectively manage early signs of a heart failure exacerbation9
  • Poorer disease control3
    • 城市无界,城市群发展带来房地产投资新机遇
  • Excess health care utilization9
    • Chinese Cultural Relics is a new journal that translates Chinese-language articles, originally published in the journal Wenwu, into English. The discovery of the 1,700-year-old cemetery was included in its inaugural issue.
  • Higher mortality10, 11

Low health literacy is a key contributor to health care disparities. Research has shown that, in most contexts, health literacy is a more important predictor of health than race, socioeconomic status, or educational attainment.3

 

Health literacy and patient engagement

?根据市长迈克尔?布隆伯格,报道的33个事故有10个发生在纽约,数字还有望上升。纽约的死亡是由于倒下的树木、电击和溺水。
不过,在财经领域,激烈竞争也是不可避免的。毕业生进入职场后应从基础工作开始,一步步提升综合能力,保持自身竞争力。
今年2月的时候,玛蒂与希雅和克里斯汀?韦格(Kristen Wiig)一起担任2015格莱美音乐颁奖典礼(Grammy Awards)的表演嘉宾。当时金?卡戴珊(Kim Kardashian)和坎耶?韦斯特(Kanye West)坐在前排观看了这个表演。

  • 以绿色发展引领乡村振兴
  • have less knowledge about medical conditions3
  • ask fewer questions in medical office visits12
  • may not express that they are having difficulty completing forms or understanding health information13

谎言9:对,我在高中足球队里就是个捣蛋鬼!说谎原因:我想让自己在别人的眼里更加闪亮。
Of the 6,527 new rentals scheduled to hit the market in Brooklyn next year, 1,442 are in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Bushwick and Clinton Hill, all considered off the beaten path not that long ago, according to data provided by Citi Habitats.
据《泰晤士报》高等教育星期四公布的最新排名,中国的两所大学--香港大学和澳门大学,跻身2016全球大学国际化水平前十名。
其实,在第一部iPhone手机发布的前一年,LG集团已经推出了全触屏手机。虽然那也不是第一台触屏手机。1992年,世界上第一台触屏手机IBM Simon发布。而触屏技术在"西蒙"之前已经出现。1965年,E·A·约翰逊发明了第一个触屏设备——平板电脑,截止到1995年,一直由空中交通管制员使用。本特·斯顿普和弗兰克·贝克(Frank Beck)在20世纪70年代早期发明了电容式触屏,与约翰逊所发明触屏不同的是,它不能用手指操作,而是需要使用触控笔。在1971年,山姆·赫斯特发明了第一台电阻式触屏,他称之为"电子图表"。手指和触控笔都可以对它进行操作。在1985年,惠普公司发明了世界上第一台触屏电脑H-P150。在1993年,苹果公司也发布了第一个触屏设备——牛顿个人电子助理设备。但此产品并不成功,它的销量很低。

 

  • 3Berkman ND, Sheridan SL, Donahue KE, Halpern DJ, Crotty K. Low health literacy and health outcomes: an updated systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2011;155(2):97-107.
  • 4Gazmararian JA, Williams MV, Peel J, Baker DW. Health literacy and knowledge of chronic disease. Patient Educ Couns. 2003;51(3):267-275.
  • 5Bennett IM, Chen J, Soroui JS, White S. The contribution of health literacy to disparities in self-rated health status and preventive health behaviors in older adults. Ann Fam Med. 2009;7(3):204-211.
  • 6White S, Chen J, Atchison R. Relationship of preventive health practices and health literacy: a national study. Am J Health Behav. 2008;32(3):227-242.
  • 7Paasche-Orlow MK, Riekert KA, Bilderback A, et al. Tailored education may reduce health literacy disparities in asthma self-management. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine. 2005;172(8):980-986.
  • 8Davis TC, Wolf MS, Bass PF, III, et al. Literacy and misunderstanding prescription drug labels. Ann Intern Med. 2006;145(12):887-894.
  • 9Murray MD, Tu W, Wu J, Morrow D, Smith F, Brater DC. Factors associated with exacerbation of heart failure include treatment adherence and health literacy skills.Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2009;85(6):651-658.
  • 10Baker DW, Wolf MS, Feinglass J, Thompson JA, Gazmararian JA, Huang J. Health literacy and mortality among elderly persons. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167(14):1503-1509.
  • 11Sudore RL, Yaffe K, Satterfield S, et al. Limited literacy and mortality in the elderly: The Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2006;21(8):806-812.
  • 12Katz MG, Jacobson TA, Veledar E, Kripalani S. Patient literacy and question-asking behavior in the medical encounter: a mixed-methods analysis. J Gen Intern Med. 2007;22(6):782-786.
  • 13Parikh NS, Parker RM, Nurss JR, Baker DW, Williams MV. Shame and health literacy: the unspoken connection. Patient Educ Couns. 1996;27:33-39.