HTTP/1.0 200 OK Cache-Control: private, must-revalidate Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 Date: Tue, 01 Dec 2020 05:20:41 GMT Expires: -1 Pragma: no-cache 寰宇是真是假

Stephen Austin

American pioneer
Print
Feedback
Corrections? Updates? Omissions? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).
External Websites
  • 一周内42家网贷平台爆雷 国资民营系都不靠谱
  • Sliced into eight pieces, the pizza works out to $250 per slice, meaning it costs roughly $50 per bite.
  • 社会科学家们分析了来自大西洋两岸的数据,发现了一些惊人的事情:在社区内,引起白人不满,并令他们支持反移民政策的,并不是多样化民族或种族的人数,而是变化的速度。
Britannica Websites
Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.
Alternative Title: Stephen Fuller Austin

Stephen Austin, in full Stephen Fuller Austin, (born November 3, 1793, Austinville, Virginia, U.S.—died December 27, 1836, Columbia, Republic of Texas [now West Columbia, Texas]), founder in the 1820s of the principal settlements of English-speaking people in Texas when that territory was still part of Mexico.

Raised on the Missouri frontier, Austin was educated at Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky, and served in the Missouri territorial legislature (1814–19). The economic panic of 1819 led his father, Moses Austin (1767–1821), to leave his lead-mining business in Missouri and embark upon a scheme of colonization in Texas. Moses obtained a grant of land from the Mexican government but died soon thereafter, and in 1821 Stephen went to Texas to carry out his father’s project. He founded a colony (1822) of several hundred families on the Brazos River, and for some years thereafter, as the migration of U.S. citizens to Texas increased, he was a major figure in the struggle between Mexico and the United States for possession of the territory.

A skillful diplomat, Austin served the interests of Anglo-American slaveholders by defeating an effort to ban slavery in Texas. He tried to induce the Mexican government to make Texas a separate state in the confederation so that the American settlers might have the liberty and self-government that they considered indispensable to further their interests independently of the wishes of the country’s Hispanic and Roman Catholic rulers. When this attempt failed, he recommended in 1833 the organization of a state without waiting for the consent of the Mexican Congress, and he was thrown in prison. He was released in 1835, and, when the Texas revolution broke out in October of that year, he went to the United States to secure help. Returning in June 1836, he was defeated by Sam Houston for the presidency of the new Republic of Texas and served briefly as secretary of state until his death.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen, Corrections Manager.
Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer.
Learn More!