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A brief history of the international gold standard

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据国家质量监督检验检疫总局发言人韩云平称,去年该局对1013批此类商品进行了随机检查--包括玩具、纸尿布、服装和厨具在内的消费品,其中415批商品不合格,占全部抽样产品的40.9%。

 
While Isaac Newton was working at the Royal Mint, he inadvertently launched the world economy onto what would become the international gold standard&nbsp
Author: David Orrell
August 20, 2019

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韩云平称,去年质检总局组织了两次大规模的检查,涉及超过5300批的进口消费品,例如空气净化器、汽车刹车块、家用电器和服装等,其中超过1500批的商品不合格。
China has broken into the world's top 25 innovative economies for the first time, thanks to investments in education and research and development that have translated into new patents and licenses, a study said on Monday.
Chinese mainland is home to two of the top three universities in Asia, according to research published last Thursday by the Times Higher Education (THE).
Data released by the UK National Health Service last year on patient admissions revealed an alarming rise in various nutritional and communicable diseases in the past decade.
完成所有的事,甚至更多
但他们事先计划投放100000反平壤宣传单。
为了让世界都关注濒危物种和中国成都大熊猫基地,演出者们全力表演,节目精彩令人难以忘怀。他们不仅给伦敦市民带去了乐趣,还与基地大使、自然主义者奈杰尔-马文一同去学校向孩子们宣扬熊猫保护的理念。

People are still looking at old masters for pleasure, if not as lucrative investments. Sotheby’s said 6,000 people visited its Dec. 5 to 9 viewing, compared with the 6,400 who saw its Impressionist and contemporary sales in June. At the lower end of the price scale, many historic paintings do find a market — Christie’s and Sotheby’s day sales of old master paintings on Dec. 9 and 10 had solid-enough selling rates of 67 and 65 percent apiece.
On Nov. 24 and 25, Sotheby’s auctioned the collection of the fourth-generation Munich dealer Konrad Bernheimer, who owns the historic London gallery Colnaghi. Mr. Bernheimer, 65, has decided to scale down his operations. He is closing his Munich gallery, selling his grand Bavarian home, Marquartstein Castle, and is merging Colnaghi with a fellow London dealer, Coll & Cortes.
最糟糕地利用社交媒体奖
谈到乌克兰,普京再次否认俄罗斯军队在东乌克兰境内活动。那里的亲俄罗斯分离主义运动正在与乌克兰政府军作战。但是他说,莫斯科从未否认有人在那里开展属于“军事领域”的行动。他还说,俄罗斯没有制裁乌克兰的计划,但不会让乌克兰享受优惠贸易待遇。
The Olympic games are a time when the countries of the world should put aside their differences to engage in sport. Whether that actually happens, however, is debatable. While the athletes are surely capable of focusing on the competition, it can be hard for long-standing disagreements to be forgotten -- even temporarily -- by their home countries.

一名11岁的女学生因发明了一个快速、廉价测试铅污染水的方法,而被誉为“美国顶尖青年科学家”。
British business schools make up ground on their French counterparts in the revamped Financial Times ranking of masters in management degrees.
Ranked 10th position, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China is the highest ranking Chinese company on the list.
中国互联网金融行业继续保持快速增长的节奏。作为国内最大的个人对个人(P2P)网贷平台,陆金所(Lufax)正在寻求10亿美元的新融资,这将使其估值达到150亿至200亿美元。
[im'pru:vm?nt]
6. Smart refrigerator
不过,人们并没有对周二的峰会寄予过高期望,因为没有任何迹象表明,各国能在政治上实现突破,进而采取更有力的举措。科学家表示,要想如愿把全球变暖控制在各国五年前一致同意的上限,那么未来几年里,就必须扭转排放量上升的势头。现有的所有方案,与实现这一目标都相距甚远。
While people in first-tier cities are under more pressure, smaller cities may not be the ideal place to live either, according to the 2016 Annual Report on Social Mentality of China by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
夏普利对这一主题提出了早期的理论,在20世纪50年代和60年代利用博弈论来分析不同的匹配方式。与美国经济学家大卫?盖尔一起,他开发了一个数学公式10个男人和10个女人如何配对才能保证没有人会受益于配对伙伴。虽然这可能有一点影响到结婚和离婚,他们开发的算法已经被用于更好地理解许多不同的市场。

But the economic base for these capabilities is steadily declining.
['?mnesti]

When did winter become the season of television’s most distinguished content? The fall season, with its organized and heavily publicized broadcast-network premieres, still gets the attention, but a greater number of interesting shows now arrive on cable, broadcast and online in the first quarter of the year.
WASHINGTON (MarketWatch) — The U.S. economy finally got a big jolt of energy in 2014 after the lamest recovery since World War II. And 2015 is shaping up to be an even better year.
这张专辑中十分突出的一首歌《Him》(《他》)以低调的方式讲述了一个有关同性恋和文化偏执的催人泪下的故事,是一首倡导非异性恋者公民权的歌曲。
The education sector has remained largely unchanged by online service delivery — but could be transformed dramatically in 2018.
The unemployment rate probably won't fall quite as rapidly in 2015, according to economists, especially if more people enter the labor force because jobs are easier to find. Yet another large spate of hiring similar to the gain in 2014 would make the low unemployment rate more believable.
These countries performed the best overall in the 2017 Best Countries rankings. The rankings aim to gauge global perceptions of the world’s biggest economies.
自从在2009年从榜单的第一位落到第五位之后,小甜甜布兰妮的排名继续下滑,随着嘎嘎小姐和贾斯汀 比伯这些新星的走红,布兰妮在2010年仅名列第十位。
Apart from India, other BRICS nations -- Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa -- cut down their holdings of American government securities.

年过40方当妈的女星们
The report said that technological innovations and balanced development were the keys to building "cities of opportunity".
The .40-calibre Smith & Wesson that killed her, a semi-automatic handgun, was seized by police to undergo ballistics testing to determine if it had been used in other crimes.
If the user set up a truthful answer, according to statistics provided by the researchers, in 19.7% of the cases, an attacker would need a single try to guess the correct answer to the question "What is your favorite food?" in the case of American users.
1月份PPI同比下跌5.3%,跌速比去年12月的负5.9%有所放缓。自2012年3月起,中国PPI一直留在负值区间,去年8月起连续5个月位于负5.9%的低点。
颁奖典礼一开始,两位主持人妙语连珠,引来场下观众阵阵喝彩。马特?戴蒙、梅丽尔?斯特里普(Meryl Streep)和乔治克?鲁尼都自然而然地成为了调侃的对象。蒂娜?费对桑德拉?布洛克(Sandra Bullock)和克鲁尼参演《地心引力》的点评引发场下一阵爆笑。
In 2013, the yen fell 21% against the U.S. dollar, helping it to attract 10 million overseas tourists--including, despite Sino-Japanese border disputes in the East China Sea, many wealthy travelers from China.
“我们的人口和就业正处于历史高位,并在不断增长。这给租金和房价施加了很大压力,”纽约大学富曼房地产及城市政策中心(Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy of New York University)的主任马克·威利斯(Mark Willis)说,“现在没有理由认为这些趋势可能发生改变。”
Executives in the finance and real estate industries have the highest pay, according to figures from the 1,894 listed companies that announced their annual financial reports in 2016.
The average pay for executives in educational companies was the lowest, just over 2.8 million yuan and about one tenth that of their counterparts in the financial sector.

Gold standard
Guineas therefore retained their face value of 21 shillings, even though the unit referred to a weight of silver. Newton had transmuted silver into gold (or is it the other way round?) by accident. Thanks to his intervention, the pound sterling (named for a pound of silver) switched de facto from a bimetallic standard to a gold standard – which made everything much simpler – and remained there, with wartime interruptions, for the next 200 years. In 1821, a new coin – the sovereign – was introduced, containing 95 percent of the gold in a guinea, thus making it worth exactly one pound sterling.

周二早些时候,吕特呼吁在与土耳其的争执中保持冷静。
But there's little doubt this was also an 'acqui-hire,' in which the person being bought is just as important as the product. D'Aloisio is now working full time in Yahoo!'s London office, and his youth, his energy and his undeniable it-factor have brought the formerly musty tech giant a much-needed injection of cool. Yahoo! CEO Marissa Mayer -who lends the company some of her own it-factor-praises his 'commitment to excellence in design and simplicity' and says she is 'inspired by the creativity and tenacity Nick brings to his work.'
Bad news for newspaper reporters: Your job has been named the worst in the U.S. for 2015, according to rankings released by job search site CareerCast.com. Two other media positions are also high on the list, along with professions that are physically taxing.
2014年最佳引擎榜单的其他入选者还包括宝马5系豪华轿车和紧凑型雪佛兰科鲁兹(Cruze)所使用的涡轮增压柴油发动机,保时捷Cayman双座运动跑车的水平对置2.7升6缸发动机以及大众汽车捷达紧凑车的1.8升4缸涡轮增压发动机。
adj. 特指的;指定的

The sense of stability granted by the gold standard was captured by the Austrian writer Stefan Zweig in his autobiography, The World of Yesterday, in which he wrote how “the Austrian crown circulated in bright gold pieces, an assurance of its immutability. Everything had its norm, its definite measure and weight”.

5.Bryan Cranston was a Murder Suspect
The various mustaches were conceived by the designer Frances Hannon, who has built a number of facial hair styles for Bill Murray in Anderson films (“Rushmore,” “The Life Aquatic With Steve Zissou”). Here, she asked many of the actors to grow out their facial hair so she would have the option to cut it in any shape she wanted.
库苏马诺教授认为,这一切都表明,苹果正在加大开放度,包括允许开发者对其iOS软件进行更多定制。
人类在过去50年的平均寿命比人类存在的20万年中的平均寿命要长的多。目前,人类的平均寿命是70岁,1950年的平均寿命是47岁,两者存在很大的差异。
而关于小牛这支球队,问题并不全是司机该怎么让位。在老司机的整个职业生涯中,这一直是一直有实力的球队。德克今年这样支离破碎的赛季实在令人痛苦。或许下个夏天他就会加入科比、KG和大基本功先生的队伍中去。
Treating Birth Defects Before a Baby Is Born

Nixon shock
While the gold standard helped protect the currency from the vagaries of politicians, linking the quantity of money to a finite commodity meant the money supply did not adjust appropriately to the size of the economy and left it vulnerable to changes in gold supply. After a large find or improvement in mining technology, the money supply might become too large, causing inflation. Alternatively, it might not keep up with the pace of economic growth or spending, causing gold to become too expensive and resulting in deflation and recession.

从物业费到倒卖税,共管公寓和合作公寓的业主经常抱怨,管委会要将他们榨干了。不幸的是,运营建筑的成本在短时期内不会下降分毫。
我可能会说:“我解雇你是因为你工作不达标。”实际上,我并不会说是因为你实在让人受不了,每次和人沟通都会得罪人。
2.《洛奇》
3. 捷蓝航空(JetBlue) 品牌喜爱度:40%/排名:218
n. 改善(正), 修正案,某物质能改善土壤有助生长

每次我跟人说起“未来”,我都被他们对“未来是可知”的这一想法吓到。我的印象就是,大部分人都想象未来像书本一样,有一个结局:已经写好了、也可以读取。你只要快速地窥一眼这本书的最后几页就能知道。他们很难接受这最后几页根本没有写完。未来还没有发生、也没有计划好——也无法预知,因为它们还根本不存在。
The film screens in China reached 41,179 as of the end of 2016 with another 1,612 cinemas and 9,552 film screens built during the year, according to a report by People's Daily.
生于缅甸皇室的杨金秀于7月31日去世。她拒绝了与生俱来的权利,成了一个女扮男装的军阀和鸦片走私犯。
Regarding Syria, Putin said the Russian military operation will continue until a political process starts. And he said the Syrian people must determine who rules the country. He also said he does not know whether Russia needs a permanent military base in Syria.
n. 文件,公文,文档
"Micro blogs and other new media give everyone a speaking platform. If you cannot face the criticism and cooperate with the public, you cannot work well." ZHAO BAIGE, NPC deputy and executive vice-president of the Red Cross Society of China
We will make our skies blue again.

Finance still lives in a world of alchemy, but the alchemists now toil in banks rather than laboratories. Vitas Vasiliauskas, the head of Lithuania’s central bank, put it in 2016: “We are magic people. Each time we take something and give to the markets – a rabbit out of the hat.” Newton might have agreed.

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