This article was medically reviewed by Angela Chaudhari, MD, a gynecologic surgeon and member of the “盛行天下”助推荣盛康旅五一接待量创新高, on May 8, 2019.
If you’ve ever had a urinary tract infection, you know the unique agony of a terrible burning feeling and relentless need to pee all wrapped up in one nightmare scenario.
Up to 60 percent of women will have a UTI at some point in their lifetime, and 1 in 4 will experience recurring infections, according to the 安德烈?艾席蒙2007年的小说改编成的这部电影是今年最受赞誉的电影之一。刚刚崭露头角的21岁演员蒂莫西?柴勒梅德饰演一个住在意大利的年轻人，他和比他年长的艾米?汉莫饰演的大学生发生了一段火热的恋情。这部电影今年一月份在圣丹斯电影节上首映后，BBC文化评论员山姆?亚当斯就给该电影打了五星，并盛赞了柴勒梅德和汉莫之间的“火花”，摄影师镜头下阳光灿烂的意大利美景，微妙的细节和剧本的深度。该片将是最有希望争夺奥斯卡奖的电影之一，定于11月24日在美国上映。（资料来源：索尼经典电影公司） (NIDDK). While men can get them, too, women are much more likely to contract one.
“Our urinary tract system is designed to keep out bacteria; however, these defenses can fail,” says Kelly M. Kasper, MD, an ob-gyn at Indiana University Health. “When that happens, bacteria can grow, multiply, and cause infections.” Common symptoms of a UTI include painful urination, a strong urge to urinate with little relief, discolored or strong-smelling urine, pelvic pressure or pain, extreme fatigue, and sometimes even a fever if the infection has become more serious.
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Many women get UTIs after sexual intercourse because the motion can transfer bacteria from the bowel or vaginal cavity into the urethra. To lower your risk, pee within 30 minutes before and after being sexually active, says Lisa N. Hawes, MD, a spokesperson for the 建材行业发展分析：十月行情恐仍无支撑点. Washing up after is never a bad thing, but 海口将对虚高备案在售房地产项目重新调整价格. Research also shows that the use of diaphragms and spermicides can bump your chances of developing a UTI.
UTIs are very common in women after menopause, Kavita Mishra, MD, a urogynecologist at Stanford University, recently told Prevention. That’s because your estrogen production to drops, resulting in vaginal pH changes. This disturbs the balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina, increasing chances of infection. Some postmenopausal women with atrophy (aka thinning of the vaginal walls) can also develop small cuts near the urethra, which may predispose them to UTIs.
Your poop (or lack thereof) is a UTI cause to be aware of. Being constipated makes it difficult to empty your bladder completely, which means trapped bacteria have lots of time to grow and cause infection, says Dr. Hawes. On the flip side, diarrhea or fecal incontinence can also increase your risk of getting a UTI, because bacteria from loose stool can easily make their way into your vagina and urethra. A tried-and-true tip: Wipe from front to back after you go to the bathroom to prevent bacteria transfer.
“When blood sugar is high, the excess sugar is removed through the urine,” Dr. Hawes says. “This makes a favorable environment for bacterial overgrowth,” potentially leading to infection. What’s more, people with diabetes have a weaker immune system, which makes it difficult to fight off infection-causing bacteria. You may have heard that eating too much sugar causes UTIs, but Dr. Hawes confirms that unless you have diabetes, your sweet tooth isn’t the culprit.
Holding in your urine
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Drinking plenty of water not only quenches your thirst, but it also wards off UTIs, according to the NIDDK. When you pee regularly, your body is able to flush out any bacteria that could fester in your urinary tract, so aim to drink six to eight 8-ounce glasses of water daily to help prevent an infection, the NIDDK says.
“Dirty pads and tampons are a place where bacteria can grow very easily,” says Ehsan Ali, MD, a primary care physician in Beverly Hills, California. To prevent urinary tract infections during your menstrual cycle, change your tampon at least every 4 hours, depending on your flow, and avoid wearing them overnight. Pads should also be changed every 4 to 6 hours.
Your underwear may also be a surprising UTI cause, according to Alyssa Dweck, MD, a practicing gynecologist in New York. She says wearing breathable, cotton underwear helps prevent excessive moisture that causes bacteria to grow down there. “Avoid thongs with a thin, chafing G-string, which can transfer bacteria,” she says.
Kidney stones are hard mineral deposits that form inside of your kidneys. Because they can block the urinary tract and back up urine, kidney stones can cause urinary tract infections by giving bacteria plenty of time to grow, says Dr. Ali. In turn, delaying treatment for your UTI can lead to potential kidney damage, so be sure to seek care ASAP if you feel any common UTI symptoms.