An American in Paris: Audrey Hepburn and the City of Light - A historical analysis of genre cinema & gender roles


Intermediate Diploma Thesis, 2004

26 Pages, Grade: 2.0


Excerpt

Content

1. Introduction
1.1 Historical outline of the Parisian movements before the Second World War
1.2 A brief introduction to Hollywood- and French- film industry in the postwar period

2. Analytical Thesis on the ‘City D’Amour’
2.1 The role of the city in films

3. Analytical Thesis on Stars
3.1 American female typology & European gender roles
3.2 Audrey Hepburn – a representative of European subculture

4. Conclusion

5. Appendix

6. Literature
6.1 Bibliography
6.2 Internet
6.3 Filmography

1. Introduction

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皮肤辛苦的担任着包裹我们和保护我们整个身体的责任,因此它也成为了最容易被伤害的器官。当皮肤被烧伤或者被割破,你最快的选择是从身体其他部位移植一部分过来。然而,感谢斯坦福大学科学家的研究,一种能有效替代人体皮肤的材料,不久后将面世。
8. 《疯狂的麦克斯4:狂暴之路》,导演:乔治·米勒。
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Mr Yao, 46, is based in the southern Chinese city of Shenzhen and first made his fortune in real estate. But it was his Baoneng Group’s foray into insurance and subsequent raid on Vanke, a cross-city property rival, that fuelled the estimated ninefold increase in his net worth in the space of a year.
Scientists get couples into the lab and looking at their stress levels while they have “difficult” conversations, finding that couples that deal with stress with positive emotions like laughter become less stressed, and tend to stay together for longer.
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包括中国移动、阿里巴巴和腾讯的16家中国企业进入了该榜单的前100名。
她对“广告狂人狂热症”的定义是“想像《广告狂人》中的人物那样着装”,不过,我想把它的定义改为,大众时装公司认为所有的消费者都想穿成《广告狂人》中的人物那样。该剧的视觉冲击力非常强大,以病毒级传播,仿佛重组了设计师们的创意DNA。
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Interestingly, BRICS bloc has reduced their exposure to these securities at a time when America's economic activity is expanding at a moderate rate.
Small circulation also contributed to the monkey stamp's record price. Only five million "Golden Monkey" stamps were released for circulation in 1980, and they are exceedingly rare now.
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据德国工商总会的统计数据显示,中国于2016年超越美国,首次成为德国的最大贸易市场。

Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei filed a notable 2,390 patents, which was the second-largest filing by a company globally, after Philips with 2,568 patents.
Shortly after Cook's op-ed, the Senate voted to approve the Employment Non-Discrimination Act, which would make it illegal to discriminate against LGBT employees in the workplace. The legislation will now be sent to the House for consideration.
“We need to do what the mayor wants everybody to do, and that is build more housing,” said Steven Spinola, the president of the Real Estate Board of New York. However, “if the numbers don’t work, if the rent that is coming in is less than the cost of maintaining the building, then you are not going to do it.”
In this Jan. 9, 2007 file phtoo, Apple CEO Steve Jobs holds up an Apple iPhone at the MacWorld Conference in San Francisco. Jobs the CEO,
She only learnt to walk five months ago, but 'Baby Beyoncé' is already strutting her stuff on stage at pageants.
SplashData公司称,在娱乐网站上使用和邮箱及社交网站相同的密码尤其不安全。
Blige将会表演“泥土之界”中的歌曲《Mighty River》,这首获得奥斯卡提名的歌曲是她和Raphael Saadiq以及Taura Stinson共同谱写的。同时,Blige还因出演影片《泥土之界》被提名奥斯卡最佳女配角。她是同时获得奥斯卡提名歌曲和女配角的第一人。
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In the following it is of my concern to analyze the City of Light & Love and its international reputation. My analysis leads to one specific aspect of filmmaking – the divergence between the American female (stereo-) typology and European gender roles during the postwar years of the 50s and 60s. Audrey Hepburn serves as a well-known example, which is considered to be a representative for European subculture, French haute couture and American fairy-tale dreams. I try to illustrate in how far Audrey Hepburn changed the female image during a time in which anybody preferred blond femininity instead of brunette individuality. My aim is to find out how much Paris served as the ideological medium – both in French- and in Hollywood-filmmaking.

1.1 Historical outline of Parisian movements before the Second World War

The 1920s in Paris[1]

汉森表示,美国原油增产意味着现货油价对地缘政治事件的反应不如以往那样大了。他说,目前的原油供应足够多,油价受威胁的程度不如以往,2014年将是首个出现一段时间原油供应增量超过需求增量的年头。
Over the next few years, large residential buildings will have to comply with Local Law 87, which requires them to audit energy usage and keep systems running at peak efficiency. Residential buildings are the city’s largest source of greenhouse gas emissions, accounting for 37 percent of the total. “The one hot-button topic is energy. How do buildings become more energy efficient?” said Dan Wurtzel, the president of FirstService Residential New York, which manages more than 500 properties. “If a third of your operating budget is related to energy and you can now reduce that cost, you can take pressure off the need for a maintenance increase.”
As institutions are brought under dictatorial control, the opposition is driven into rebellion or acquiescence.
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All told, Ujiri parted with Terrence Ross, Jared Sullinger, and a total of three picks to acquire the two veterans.
线索可能隐藏在价格之中:H股很便宜。H股指数市盈率为7倍,低于西班牙(该国失业率达到22%)、巴西(该国依赖大宗商品,因而也依赖中国)以及受中东乱局影响的土耳其和埃及。
I was waiting for you to bring up the Nets’ situation, so fine, I'll do it here. Jeremy Lin's been out for weeks with a hamstring injury. They're the only team tanking correctly and they're not actually tanking!
部分在企业界的资助下,该机构将一流毕业生派到面向低收入社区的学校至少两年时间,而且也完全知道,其中许多人将会在这一时期结束后不再从事教学工作。
The Female Warlord Who Had C.I.A. Connections and Opium Routes
The remains of the monarch -- depicted by William Shakespeare as a monstrous hunchback and often viewed as one of English history's greatest villains -- will now be solemnly reburied in the local cathedral.
One of Iese’s strengths is its academic rigour. The Barcelona school performs consistently highly across all aspects of customised programmes. It is ranked in the top five in 11 criteria out of 15. Iese is top for its international clients and the diversity of its faculty.
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日前,斯坦福大学商学院(Stanford Graduate School of Business)教授彼得o库迪斯基于这场荷兰危机共同撰写了一篇文章,围绕“个人经验(而非市场信息)决定乐观、悲观以及信贷的获得与否”这种不那么科学的方法给出了现代经验。
最近,无人驾驶汽车的新闻屡见报端,它也叫做自动驾驶汽车。谷歌的自动驾驶汽车是此行业的领头羊,已行驶48万千米(30万英里),仅发生过两次交通事故,还都是人为因素造成的。事实上,无人驾驶汽车并不是新奇事物,早在达·芬奇发明以弹簧发条作驱动带内置预设程序的马车时,自动驾驶的概念便名噪一时。
2. Dominos. Brand love: -11% / Rank: 62

It was there in Rossella Jardini’s Moschino, from the bows and bouffants of spring-summer 2009 to the Mary Quant-inspired spring 2013 collection.
胡润估计,如果此举获得成功,王健林的净财富可能会猛增至逾500亿美元,令他跻身世界前十大富豪之列。
科技
“双随机、一公开”监管:随机抽取检查对象,随机选派执法检查人员,及时公布查处结果
An otherworldly romance between a mysterious aquatic creature and a mute girl, played by Sally Hawkins.
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1.Deadpool
The untitled movie revolves around two intersecting love triangles, obsession and betrayal, set against the music scene. It stars Christian Bale, Cate Blanchett, Michael Fassbender, Ryan Gosling, Rooney Mara and Natalie Portman.
President Donald Trump is the nation's first billionaire president -- but he's not as rich as he used to be, according to the Forbes 2017 Billionaires List published last Monday.
According to the search engine, Euro 2012 beat Olympics tickets as the top internet search of the year in the UK, the Sun reported.
或许你会认为这个60%并不起眼,但它是很重要的一步,因为在2003年,同性婚姻在美国的任何地方都是不合法的。
谅解是赢家永远不会拿走一切。
Pork prices, which are heavily weighted in the food-focused basket of goods used to calculate consumer inflation, rose 4.8 per cent.

The Warriors played pre-season games in China in 2013 against the Los Angeles Lakers, but it will be the first time the Timberwolves visit China.
腾讯控股有限公司公关部的一名员工、一款直播应用的负责人日前声称,一名男子通过在这个直播平台唱歌接受了一个13岁女孩25万多元(3.64万美元)的打赏,而该女孩在注册时可能隐瞒了年龄。
If 2017 was the year of fake news, 2018 is shaping up to be one of fake data. And just as fake news comes in many varieties — real news dubbed by the US president as fake, as well as nonsense gaining huge audiences on social media — so does fake data.
Watching Under the Skin again brought to mind another comparison: Orson Welles – the Welles who succeeded in creating a hoax martian invasion on the radio and who, in F for Fake (1975), got his partner Oja Kodar to walk around the streets in a miniskirt, secretly filming the lascivious expressions of the non-actor guys looking at her.
凯投宏观(Capital Economics)中国经济学家朱利安?埃文斯-普里查德(Julian Evans-Pritchard)评论道:“结果是,上个月中国的贸易看起来惊人强劲。在全球需求强劲的背景下,我们预期未来数月出口还将继续表现良好。”
4.虚拟助理:增长了17.6%

‘The Lost Generation’[2]

You are all a lost generation.

2016年LED企业发展走向大揭底

According to Malcolm Cowley the term of the Lost Generation was first used by Gertrude Stein who applied it to young writers born around 1900, to constitute a slogan to separate the bohemian ‘elite’ from former generations:

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卡塔尔大学被选为最国际化的学校,这也标志着来自中东的大学第一次高居榜首。
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当然,格雷泽又从库布里克那借鉴了一些拍摄手法,尤其是外星人在无边际的外太空出生的一幕。他借鉴了尼古拉斯·罗格的《天降财神》,或许在画面的安排上也借鉴了大卫·林奇。但是在科幻情调中,他带给我们当代现实主义的勇气和动力,使我们回想起像肯·罗奇这样的影片制作人的作品,甚至是阿巴斯·基亚罗斯塔米和他的《樱桃的滋味》的开头,一个绝望的男人开着车,绕着德黑兰的流动劳动力市场,拼命的找人来帮他。这些奇妙的外星人题材被打磨的通俗化甚至矫情做作。外星人不解的在电视上看着汤米库珀的一幕已经成为色调悬念的代表作。
association
In other words, we’ve just had a false dawn on the climate change front.
The board is frequently covered in equations. Have you ever wondered what those equations mean? Well, we may never know what they mean, but they are all real, accurate equations. Very impressive, Big Bang. Very impressive indeed.

“When I look at the data, I keep coming back to this issue that it’s really about identity politics,” said Elisabeth Ivarsflaten, a professor at Norway’s University of Bergen who studies Europe’s far-right parties. “This is the most powerful predictor of support for the populists.”
muscular
影片大量借鉴了亚瑟·布雷默的事迹,此人于1972年枪击了总统候选人和隔离主义者乔治·华莱士。与电影中一样,布雷默枪击华莱士也是在被一个年轻女孩拒绝后不久。尽管如此,他的生活总的来说不如德尼罗的角色那么激动人心,他俩最大的共同点,就是都没有真的杀死目标。
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Justin Bieb er just made tens of thousands of more dollars -- from his hair. The 'Baby' singer's locks sold on eBay yesterday with a final bid of $40,688.
注册营养师艾利克斯?图鲁夫称:“糖屑中含有糖分,而金片与此不同,它不含碳水化合物、脂肪或蛋白质,所以不能提供热量,没有味道,主要用于装饰。”
The Fed last month laid out a timetable to slow the pace of its bond purchases throughout the year. The central bank, which had been soaking up $85 billion a month in Treasurys and mortgage-backed securities since late 2012, plans to reduce the pace of purchases by $10 billion at each meeting until it is no longer buying bonds at year-end.
创造就业和削减赤字将成为华盛顿在2010年选举之年的孪生执念。不过,这两样一个都成不了现实。
指尖陀螺
全球化和世界的和平发展合作是一体的、不可分的。

Schools relied on a wide range of technologies to ensure lively interactive delivery of their programmes including virtual classrooms, live sessions and multimedia teaching materials. Alumni were asked to rate delivery as well as indicate how effective online exams were. Results were encouraging. Schools appear to be getting better at online delivery. Every aspect of online delivery was rated higher than it had been in previous years, showing a greater level of satisfaction.
时间:2011-06-02 编辑:beck
达奇斯说:2011年达美乐的品牌热情大幅度增长,但是2012年无法与之相提并论。他们不能每年都重新设计食谱,真是太可惜了。

12. Most Hopeful Sign At one point, you could feel the status quo shift as it became O.K. to talk about discrimination in the industry not just openly but also loudly. Viola Davis spoke out, as did Jennifer Lawrence, who went public about making less than her male co-stars. “I didn’t want to seem ‘difficult’ or ‘spoiled,’” she wrote in the newsletter Lenny, speaking for many, including those with far more modest paychecks.
同样跻身2013年全球最贵城市前十名的还有新加坡、苏黎士、巴黎、委内瑞拉首都加拉加斯和日内瓦。
即使从未见过人微笑,盲人也会微笑。
自从该调查首次面世以来,香港已经连续第七年高居榜首了。
"An institution's global outlook is one of the key markers of a prestigious university. The top institutions hire faculty from all over the world, attract students from a global market of top talent and collaborate with leading departments wherever they happen to be based." said Phil Baty, editor of Times Higher Education World University Rankings.
I'm only a child yet I know we are all part of a family, five billion strong, in fact, 30 million species strong and we all share the same air, water and soil -- borders and governments will never change that. 我只是一个小孩,但我知道我们都是一个大家庭的成员,超过60亿人的大家庭,以及超过三千万物种的大家庭,政府和国界永远都无法改变这个事实。

All of them “had the illusion of belonging to a great classless society” (Cowley 1951: 5), which is the reason why such historical and revolutionary instances are mentioned above. Moreover, it is to illustrate in how far especially subcultural movements and increasing change of female domesticity, shaped various visual and thematic stylistics of both European and American filmmaking. In the following it is of my concern to demonstrate the specific distinction between what is called the French ‘ poetic realism ’ of the imminent cinema of the Nouvelle Vague (app.4) (Engl. New Wave) with its permanent claim for authenticity, in contrast to the classical Hollywood cinema with its studio settings and idealized plots. The decades I chose for my examination are of great importance both for the American and European film-industry because of the economic upswing during the 50s, the 2nd World War traces, and also because of a thematic modification in filmmaking. The principle of the ‘cinematic city’ will help to understand the difference between what is real and what is constructed. But to give a better impression in how far cinema is connected to subculture, revolutionary thinking, gender roles, and most important the city, it will be necessary to outline the origins of cinema.

The cinema in Paris[3]

The report also showed regions with a better-developed economy produce more cyberstars, with Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang leading the rankings.
Bolder lawyers will start working with more “sci-fi” programs that claim to predict the outcomes of legal disputes before they have reached court, by analysing similar cases and past rulings, opposition tactics and win/lose statistics, the success rates of certain lawyers before certain judges, and so on.
以下将007系列电影官方主题曲按受欢迎程度由低到高进行排序。其中还荣誉推荐了两首有可能不属于官方歌曲的曲子。它们一样很好听。
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As for China, lack or stopped development represents the biggest risk for this country. So it is essential that we maintain steady medium-high growth of our economy and that in itself is China’s contribution to global stability.
根据这个盘点,“哥”无疑是今年网上最流行的词。最热的两条流行语都提到了“哥”。在汉语里,这个“哥”被用来指代自己。

In 1895 the Lumière Brothers invented the Cinématographe, which presented the world’s first ‘living performances of life’ with short pictures like the well-known

预测:达福目前可能是最佳男配角的领跑者。

周二,她在给客户的一封信里提出了下面几个观点,令我耳目一新:
complain
On Thursday it published its mascot for 2016, the Year of the Monkey, and instantly it became a hit on the Internet; unfortunately some people deemed it "very ugly".
除了《地心引力》和《美国骗局》,我还选出了其他一些口碑不错的影片(按字母顺序排列):
公司确实有一个“黑名单”。不过不是真的写出来的列表,但是只要有机会,他们就想把“黑名单”上的人炒掉。如果你觉得自己常被无视,或是总是被分到些苦差事,或是老板无视你,或是调你的办公室,那么你有可能在“黑名单”上。
The second event of note is Comac’s latest round of financing—it raised 15 billion yuan ($2.3 billion) last month in the form of a 10-year debt investment plan—combined with the memorandum of understanding (MOU) signed in June by Airbus and the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). The financing and MOU are intended to help bring about a fully developed, competitive domestic supply chain, the former through the injection of research and development money down the supply chain and the latter through the integration of Chinese suppliers in Airbus’s global supply network. The objective, as outlined in the “Made in China 2025” plan, is for Chinese suppliers to provide 80% of all parts by 2025.

But also the action gradually turned away from indoor shootings onto the streets. It is said that the cinema now offered widespread possibilities within the city – the moving downtown with sinful Montmartre and its artcafés in Montparnasse provided a mixture of artificiality and reality, constructed settings and the authentic view onto the city. Particularly the monumental buildings and institutions influenced the early cinema – the completion of the Eiffel Tower as a symbol of love and industrial revolution, the great railway stations and also the opening ceremony of the Metro in 1900. It is mentioned that Paris gradually developed into the central place for the big city movie, a sight of tragedies close to reality, a place of unaffected, but seemingly dreamy ‘snapshots’, which refused the melancholic Belle Époque (app.5). These followers were specifically interested in reissuing former works of literature and mostly worked on the romantic nostalgia of ancient times. (Dirk/Sowa 2003:18-19)

2013年排名:1
As a result, business investment in key areas such as equipment has been historically weak for a U.S. recovery. A slowly improving jobs picture and rising household wealth could spark a virtuous cycle of stronger consumer spending, increased business confidence and rising investment. If it doesn't, the year could be another letdown.
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此外,维密的许多其他模特也被禁止入境,包括来自俄罗斯的朱莉亚·贝亚科娃、凯特·格里戈瑞瓦和伊丽娜·莱巴里科娃以及乌克兰的达莎·凯尔斯顿。
失业率减幅在2015年的下降得可能不会那样的迅速,据经济学家所言,特别是如果更多的人进入劳动力市场由于更容易找到工作。尽管如此和2014年相似的大量招聘和录用将会使低的失业率数据显得更加的可信。
?Bond has a keen eye for who to trust and who not to. This quality is frequently seen in sexually open-minded people, actually. 007 can tell when a lady is into him. And science agrees: handsome men are the best at identifying who is attracted to them.
最糟糕地利用社交媒体奖
卓越雇主排名:61
23% of wealthy Chinese women work in real estate and 18% of them are involved in finance and investment, followed by manufacturing accounting for 14%.
随着中国经济结构的演变,富豪榜单也在发生改变。

1.2 A brief introduction to Hollywood film industry in the postwar period

“我头发都白了,一半为了房价,一半为了(你们)记者。”
I will be yours forever!我永远属于你!
It all started when Beatty opened the envelope to read the winner for best picture. He looked confused, took a long pause and then glanced at Dunaway. "Come on!" Beatty handed the envelope to Dunaway, who announced: "La La Land!"
Apple was the only top five PC maker to see shipments grow last year, up over 6%, while Acer saw the biggest fall, of more more than 18%.
"Apple, Google and Coca-Cola are the most valuable brands as their finances are strong, their brand is a powerful driver of choice and they are very strong compared to competitors," said Jez Frampton, Interbrand's global chief executive officer.
根据一项针对技术发展的国家规划,到2020年时,研发经费的目标是要达到GDP的2.5%。
与此同时,大学毕业生选择继续深造的意向也降低了,这让今年选择就业的人数比例达到了75.6%,而去年这一数据为71.2%。
Mr. Murray came to her with a full beard, so she was able to shape it into the thick, bushy mustache pictured here. “Bill has never worn that look before,” Ms. Hannon said, “so it was lovely to get something new.”

Casablanca (Michael Curtiz, USA 1942) became the most successful picture, in which the adornment to the city was of higher relevance than the cynism of such cruel ideologies of the self-entitled Herrenrasse. Perhaps for that reason that it only dealt with the memory of Paris.

科学家改良光合作用提高作物产量
'Gangnam Style' beat 'Call Me Maybe' as the most trending pop song and 'Skyfall' topped 'Prometheus' as the most enquired about film.
A sequel to X Men: Days of Future Past, the latest instalment in the X Men series will see them fight the villain Apocalypse. The movie might see the return of a few older characters and a lot of new ones. We don't really know anymore than that, but it is going to be one amazing film, that's for sure.
Average years of work experience: 12 years
The Tsinghua-Insead EMBA programme, launched in 2007, entered the FT rankings with a bang in 2012, going straight into fourth place with its very first cohort. The programme has since been ranked second, third, and finally has achieved first place in the rankings this year.
樟宜机场的三座航站楼配有两个24小时电影院免费放映最近上映的大片,一个露天游泳池和一个蝴蝶花园。
今年,纽约市公寓的平均售价突破了100万美元(约合人民币623万元),这是一个影响深远的里程碑。随着城市人口的激增,错过了上一轮楼市繁荣期的社区,都见证了房价和楼盘数量的增长。
冥想
In short, the period was so far like the present period, that some of its noisiest authorities insisted on its being received, for good or for evil, in the superlative degree of comparison only.
9.Touchscreens
波尔图基本与波特酒同义,并同样具有悠久的历史。该城市的历史城区和葡萄酒产区上杜罗已被联合国教科文组织列入世界遗产名录。
《华盛顿邮报》
n. 好客,殷勤,酒店管理
“即便人们充分了解了(美联储政策的作用),市场动态也可能相对容易地变得不稳定或不利,”他说,“届时你将陷入一个卖盘压力自我强化的循环。”
1. “The Assassin” and “Mad Max: Fury Road” (tie) Hou Hsiao-Hsien and George Miller directed the year’s two best commercial movies, both of which should be seen on the biggest screen you can find.
专家表示,2016年对中国电影业来说是非凡的一年,因为它实现增长的同时面临着多种挑战,包括互联网的快速发展、中国观众日益高雅的品味和国家的经济衰退。
莱蒂齐娅·巴塔利亚(Letizia Battaglia)

54集电视连续剧《花千骨》绝对是刷爆朋友圈热门话题。2015年夏天播出以来,《花千骨》就名噪一时。这部由霍建华和赵丽颖主演的电视剧改编自Fresh果果的同名网络小说。这部改编电视剧颇具美感,中国水墨画风格的外景,加上盛世美颜的男女猪脚,成功吸引了80多万微博粉丝(《花千骨》电视剧官方微博)。该剧2015年6月首播,以女性的视角讲诉了一个孤儿成为女神的心路历程,以及她经历的旷世虐恋。
还有哪对系列电影的荧幕情侣可以像《暮光之城》的克里斯汀?斯图尔特和罗伯特?帕丁森这样成功开创戏路呢?两个人都成为了影坛名角。帕丁森在最新作品《好时光》中延续了他近年来这种让人几乎认不出的造型风格。在《迷失Z城》中,他把自己打扮成胡子蓬乱的眼镜男,如今他又把头发染成亚麻色,变身为一个试图在纽约完美做案,结果却让患有发育性残疾的弟弟(本?萨弗迪饰)被捕的银行抢劫犯。他试图用盗取的钱来给弟弟交保释金,结果麻烦接踵而至。很多的麻烦。除了饰演弟弟一角外,本?萨弗迪还和自己的哥哥约书亚?萨弗迪共同执导了这部电影。《好时光》入围了今年戛纳电影节的主竞赛单元,参与角逐金棕榈奖。该片于11月3日在日本上映,11月17日在英国和爱尔兰上映,11月23日在希腊上映。(资料来源:A24制片公司)
adj. 特指的;指定的

[...]


[1] Drutman, Irving (ed.): Janet Flanner: Introduction, pp. vii-xxiv. In: “Paris was yesterday – 1925-1939”, New York: Harvest, 1988.

[2] Cowley, Malcolm: Prologue: The Lost Generation, pp.3-9. In: “Exile’s Return”, New York: Viking, 1951.

[3] Dirk, Rüdiger; Sowa, Claudius: Ville Lumière : Das Kino und die Stadt, pp.11-24. In: „Paris im Film – Filmographie einer Stadt“, München: Belle Ville, Arte Edition, 2003.

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Title
An American in Paris: Audrey Hepburn and the City of Light - A historical analysis of genre cinema & gender roles
College
None of these conditions is in place now. Fed tightening, begun in December, has been put on hold. The federal funds rate (the interbank overnight lending rate) is estimated to be more than a percentage point below its natural level. And there have been no surprises from the Fed. Last December’s 25 basis point rise in the Fed’s policy rate, for example, was comprehensively signalled in advance.
旅友们,注意啦!尽管你可能还没制定好旅行计划,但“2014年最佳旅游目的地榜单”已经新鲜出炉了。近日,著名旅行指南出版商孤独星球出版社发布了“2014最佳旅游”排行榜。下面我们就从排名前十的国家中挑选出一些目的地让你先睹为快。
Course
American Expatriates in Paris
Grade
2.0
Author
Year
2004
Pages
26
Catalog Number
V49705
ISBN (eBook)
9783638460873
File size
598 KB
Language
English
Tags
American, Paris, Audrey, Hepburn, City, Light, Expatriates
Quote paper
Sandy Nirwing (Author), 2004, An American in Paris: Audrey Hepburn and the City of Light - A historical analysis of genre cinema & gender roles, Munich, GRIN Verlag, https://www.grin.com/document/49705

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