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5 Things You Must Know to Understand All English Pronunciation Guides

When you look in an English dictionary, you probably only look at the word and its definition.

But did you know that dictionaries also give you 江苏省住房租赁监测分析系统正式启用?

One of Iese’s strengths is its academic rigour. The Barcelona school performs consistently highly across all aspects of customised programmes. It is ranked in the top five in 11 criteria out of 15. Iese is top for its international clients and the diversity of its faculty.
A Saudi Woman Who Got Behind the Wheel and Never Looked Back

For example, here is how to pronounce the word dictionary:

\ˈdik-shə-ˌner-ē\

Such claims are unlikely to go away, though. John R. Christy, an atmospheric scientist at the University of Alabama in Huntsville who is known for his skepticism about the seriousness of global warming, pointed out in an interview that 2014 had surpassed the other record-warm years by only a few hundredths of a degree, well within the error margin of global temperature measurements. “Since the end of the 20th century, the temperature hasn’t done much,” Dr. Christy said. “It’s on this kind of warmish plateau.”

Learning how to use the dictionary’s pronunciation guide is not as difficult as it looks. Once you understand the rules, you will be able to check the dictionary for the definition of a word, and you will know how to read it correctly.

But first you need to understand…
 


 

Why Dictionaries Use Symbols

Letters are symbols—they are small drawings that represent sounds. So what is the point of creating a whole different way of writing these same sounds?

2020年聚合物涂料市值将达531亿美元

pit

pie

Both are three-letter words with the letter i as the second letter. The letter i is read very differently each time, though! In each word, the letter makes a different sound. Now try these two words:

garage

vision

In these words, the second in garage makes the same sound as the letter in vision. We bet you never noticed that before!

他说,这出乎我意料,但对腾讯走出国门来说这是一个好兆头,特别是因为微信同时结合了WhatsApp和Instagram的特点,所以是一个独特的产品,对于新兴市场消费者来说可能是一个相当不错的东西。
答:这个问题好奇怪啊,因为当我读了好多斯蒂芬·金的故事之后,我就很想开始写作了。他的故事真的是又惊人又有趣啊。
At a time when the overall stock market is idling with the parking brake on, Tesla shares are on a tear. Since the beginning of the year, they have risen 80%. Currently at $262, the stock is selling at close to its all-time high and has a market cap of $32 billion.

The International Phonetic Association

People who study language, called linguists, have come up with a pronunciation guide called the International Phonetic Association, or the IPA for short. Most dictionaries use a version of the IPA for their pronunciation guide.

This is only the second Nobel Peace Prize to come to auction. This award marked the first time someone from Latin America received the honor. The 1936 recipient was Argentina's foreign minister, Carlos Saavedra Lamas.
The release of Apple's iPhone 6s and 6s Plus models in September led to record sales in China, which accounts for more than a fourth of the company's operating income. Apple, whose products are often viewed as status symbols in China, is in competition not just with its South Korean archrival Samsung, but with the increasingly popular Chinese smartphone makers Huawei and Xiaomi.

Last year, the CPI increase peaked at 2.5 percent in January, and later fluctuated below 2 percent during the rest of the year.
[娱乐时尚] Chanel,Now and Then 香奈儿的现在与
"Although it may seem counterintuitive, the best way to maximize profits over the long-term is not to make them the primary goal of the business," Mackey said in an interview earlier this year.
《权力的游戏》

Why Should I Learn to Use the Pronunciation Guide?

Good question!

Russia's economy is the 10th largest in the world, producing little of value beyond hydrocarbons. Corruption and rent-seeking extract an enormous economic toll. It remains burdened with Soviet era infrastructure, and its ability to meet the educational and medical needs of its population is rapidly declining.
Despite the fact that each market rebound ended up as a V-shaped affair, each successive rally was carried out with less and less individual stock participation. Glaring divergences between winners and losers, large caps and small caps, preoccupied the commentariat for most of the spring and summer. Deflationary concerns from Europe and the Japanese technical recession further confounded analysts, as Treasury yields and inflation indicators in the U.S. were driven lower despite the improving domestic economy.
这种迹象各个公司是不同的。你一定要记住,如果公司的业绩在下降,销售额在减少,但还没到危险的地步,这种信号可能不适用与你。然而,如果你的公司看起来就要破产啦,那么请赶快开始找一份新工作吧。

supervision

You could ask someone to say it for you, or find an example of the spoken word in a video. You could use FluentU English videos to hear native English speakers talking in movies, documentaries, cartoons and more—and then you can click on any word in the subtitles to hear its pronunciation.

今年银幕上的发型和化妆各式各样,大胆新颖,从《魔法黑森林》(Into the Woods)中女巫卷曲、蓬乱的蓝色调鬃毛,到《激乐人心》(Get On Up)中詹姆斯·布朗(James Brown)微微发亮、精心塑造的大背头。有时,秃头也能发挥作用,比如《法老与众神》(Exodus: Gods and Kings)中拉美西斯的秃头、重眼影造型。

First of all, a dictionary allows you to look up a huge diversity and quantity of English words. Even if you have the FluentU app on your iOS or Android device, there may be times when you need to use a dictionary. For example, you may be in a classroom or meeting where you cannot use your cell phone or maybe your phone’s battery just died.

一封投递给美国某位大学生的、来自于其曾经的未婚妻的情书现在终于上路了,虽然这封情书写于1958年,整整迟了53年。

No matter the situation, reading the dictionary pronunciation guide can be an incredibly useful tool for English learners. You will know at a glance that the two g’s in garage make two different sounds, and that the o in boot is not the same as the o in boat.

n. 购买,购买的物品
其他评论家,如荷兰金融集团荷兰国际集团(ING)国际贸易分析主管拉乌尔?里尔宁(Raoul Leering)担心,即使从短期来看,前景也很暗淡。

British or American?

This guide will cover the American dictionary pronunciation guide. The American and British guides are slightly different—they use different symbols for the same sounds. The British guide uses more actual symbols (instead of letters) or old Greek letters, so it can be a little harder to learn.

If you are interested in British pronunciation, 公司:女性博客网站BlogHer.

5 Things You Must Know About All English Pronunciation Guides

adj. 现代风格的,流行的,潇洒的

  • Consonants: Consonants are all of the letters that are not vowels. The English language might have 21 consonants, but there are less consonant sounds. Letters like c and k, and c and s can have the same sound depending on where they are in the word. Other sounds are a combination of consonants, like ch and sh. These make different sounds too. There are not that many consonant symbols to learn, and they are mostly easy to understand—so that is a relief!
  • Vowels: The vowels in the English language are a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y. Vowels can be combined with other letters, and each other, to create new sounds. There are a few different ways of pronouncing each vowel, and a symbol for each of those pronunciations.
  • Diphthongs: Even if you have heard of vowels and consonants, you probably have never heard this word! Diphthongs are the sounds made by two vowels put together. Sometimes this is just one sound, like the oo sound. Other times the sound starts in one vowel and moves into the next, like the oa in soak.
  • Syllables: Along with pronunciation guides for the letters, dictionaries break up words into syllables. These make it easier to spell and speak the word, since they turn one word in a few easy to say parts.
  • Stresses: Words in the English language uses stresses. Where you put the stress is important to pronouncing the word right, and can even change the meaning of the word. For example, “when you addRESS the Internet, do not give out your ADDress!”. These two differently stressed versions of address mean two different things, just because of the stress! Dictionary guides show you where the stress goes, and they let you know when a different stress will change the meaning of the word.
  • Advanced Sounds: Linguists define vowels as sounds made without placing anything in the way (like your tongue or teeth). Syllables are also created around them—you can’t have too many voiced (non-silent) consonants without a vowel in between, or it is impossible to read. Consonants, on the other hand, are sounds made by partially blocking your breath when you speak. Some sounds, like p, b and g, are actually made by completely stopping your breath! (In case you are wondering, these are called plosives).

Now you are ready to start!

Pronouncing Consonants

"The essential question of the Sino-Japanese relationship is if Japan can accept the fact that China is growing stronger and more powerful." CUI TIANKAI, member of the CPPCC National Committee and vice-minister of foreign affairs
美国航天局(Nasa)表示,2015年气温以0.13摄氏度之差,打破了2014年创下的记录。

日食

  • b like in bed
  • d like in done
  • g like in grow
  • h like in hat
  • l like in lamp
  • m like in mat
  • n like in nice
  • p like in pat
  • r like in run
  • v like in view
  • w like in wet
  • y like in yes

科学家周日表示,2013年,全球温室气体排放量增加了2.3%,达到历史新高。这个最新迹象表明,在控制全球变暖方面,国际社会的努力仍远远不够。

排行榜的最新单曲有Shawn的《There's Nothing Holdin' Me Back》,击败DJ Khaled 的《Wild Thoughts ft. Rihanna》和Ed Sheeran的热播曲目《shape of you》,以及放了播破纪录Addy Yankee & Luis Fonsi的《Despacito》。
谎言1:不是我!说谎原因:有些事情不值得我们去邀功。
4. Precious metals: 'Going dark! Economic cycles point downward'

  • f like in fire, rough, or phone
  • j like in jump or dodge
  • k like in make, quit, pick, or cat
  • s like in stop or cent
  • t like in top or some -ed endings like mopped
  • z like in zebra or xylophone
  • zh like in vision or garage

In year-on-year terms prices rose in 65 cities and fell in five.
杨金秀(Olive Yang)

  • ch like in chat
  • wh like in white
  • ng like in thing (this sometimes looks like this: ŋ
  • sh like in ship
  • th like in thin
  • th like in this

“实体+虚拟” 助力门窗企业打开新局面

The first th (in thin) sounds “soft,” and is made by placing your tongue between your teeth. The second th sound (in this) is “hard,” and is made by putting your tongue between your teeth but then moving it away. It is a very slight difference—most native speakers don’t even realize there are two different sounds.

A quick note about the wh sound. If you are confused about the difference between w and wh, don’t worry, you are not alone. These days, many people pronounce wine and whine the same way. The wh sound is supposed to be more stretched out, as though you are saying the letter h very slightly before the letter w. According to this blog, if you put your hand in front of your mouth, you can feel a puff of air for the wh sound, but not the w.

要让消费者有更多选择,从中受惠,更重要的是让我们的企业下决心,通过发扬工匠精神,使自己的产品赢得消费者的信赖。

Pronouncing Vowels

Some would argue that Carly Simon's theme to The Spy Who Loved Me is the best James Bond theme song ever. They may have a point, but maybe what's really going on is that this is just "the best song from a James Bond movie." It's a fun tune, catchy as hell, romantic and beautifully sung. But nothing about this seems to specifically evoke James Bond, his adventures, his history or even his films. "Nobody Does It Better" is still a winner by any estimation; there's just happens to be a reason why it didn't crack our top five.
STONINGTON, CONN.
An EMBA also boosts corporate careers. “The skills I acquired were key to my promotion,” said one graduate. A fifth are now chief executives, managing directors or board members three years after graduation. Average salaries were up 52 per cent from $114,000 before the programme to $175,000 five years later.

7.思想控制仿生腿
《我们这一天/我们的生活》

Bingo! In fewer than 20 words it combined five previous years’ winners, only to say nothing at all. With a heavy heart, I award eBay my overall Golden Flannel Award for 2016.
[pr?'d?ektid]
The Atlanta-based group expects sales, adjusted for acquisitions, divestitures and currency fluctuations, to rise 3 per cent, compared with its earlier forecast of between 4 per cent and 5 per cent.

Here is a quick rule of thumb: A line above a letter means you say its name. A small v or nothing above a letter means it is a short sound. Two dots above a letter means it is a long sound.

The letter a

  • ă or a like in cat or apple. This is a short ah sound.
  • ā like in stray or vacation. This is pronounced like the letter’s name, ay.
  • ä like in father or calm. This is a longer uhh sound, like the sound you would make when you show the doctor your throat.

The letter e

  • ĕ or e like in pet or person. This is pronounced like a short eh.

The letter i

  • ĭ or i like in pit or hitch. This sounds like a grunt, a short eeh sound made in the back of the throat.
  • ī like in pie or bye. Say this the way you would say name of the letter i.

The letter o

  • ŏ or ä like in mop or bother. This is a similar sound to the a in father, a long “uhh” sound. (Some dictionaries see it as the same sound).
  • ō like in toe or go. Say this as you would say the name of the letter o.
  • ô like in paw or caught. This is the kind of sound you would say if something is cute, “aww.”

The letter u

  • ŭ like in cut or grunt. This is a short uh sound.
  •  like in youth or cute. Say this as you might say the letter u.

All the vowels

第六届中国建筑节能展览会召开在即 节能减排受关注

  • ə like in about, item, edible, gallop, circus. This is a sound somewhere in between ŭ and ă. It is a short uh sound. It might be difficult to hear at first, so practice saying these words out loud and try to see the difference between these and other words using these letters.

完成所有的事,甚至更多
This quiet, intense Israeli film unfolds like a psychological thriller. A poetry-loving teacher discovers that one of her young pupils is a literary prodigy, and takes increasingly extreme measures to protect his gift from an indifferent world. As the story unfolds, it becomes clear that Mr. Lapid is engaged in a stealthy, ferocious critique of a society that has sacrificed its spiritual values and its cultural inheritance on the altar of power and materialism.

  • If the word has a vowel, consonant, vowel pattern (like cuteis a vowel, is a consonant, is a vowel), say the first vowel’s name. In the example of cute, this means you pronounce like the letter u. 
  • If the word has a vowel, consonant pattern (like cut—u is a vowel, is a consonant) or a vowel, consonant, consonant (like cutting), use one of the other pronunciations.

Consumer prices continued to rebound from an August dip, accelerating 0.2 percentage points to 2.1 per cent year on year, bang-on analysts’ median forecast.
When reflecting on the year in film, moviegoers often remember strong performances, or they might consider how a movie worked as a narrative, the emotions it evoked, what chances it took.

Diphthongs

Don’t let the strange name scare you. Diphthongs are just sounds made by two vowels placed together.

Here is what they look like:

  • a like in out or about. This sounds like you just got hurt, “ow.”
  • ē like in bee or feet (or easy). This sounds like you are saying the name of the letter e.
  • oi like in noise or boy. This sounds like the letter o’s name followed right away by ee, or like you are saying “Oy vey!”
  • ū like in loot or boot. This is an oo sound made by making your lips into an o shape.
  • ʊ like in foot or could. To make this oo sound, don’t move your lips!

You can hear and see the difference between the two oo sounds in this video.

R-controlled Vowels

Vowels have a slightly different pronunciation when they are followed by the letter r. They are called “r-controlled vowels” and they sound like the letter’s non-name sound getting cut off by the letter r.

It is easier to hear than explain: say the word abound out loud, then the word around. Do you hear the difference? It is a very small difference!

他编写出的第一款软件是个音频播放器,可以播放他偶像史蒂夫?乔布斯(Steve Jobs)演讲的音频片段,而音频来自一个乔布斯的传记,内容没有经过授权。如今达洛伊西奥笑着回忆道,软件因为音频受版权保护、性能不流畅、过于简单之类的各种原因,被苹果拒绝了。他早期设计的另外一个应用软件能让用户触摸一张木头的图片时发出敲击的声音。第三个应用则将智能手机的屏幕变成一个锻炼手指的跑步机,这一次,软件第一天便赚了120美元。
在星期六晚上他们再次献唱《悲惨世界》原声《Stars》。

  • ər like in butter or further. This is an er sound made in the back of your mouth with your tongue right in the middle of your mouth, not touching any sides.

亚洲单体最大防水生产基地 在建德高新园开工

a

“Airbnb is here to stay,” Mr. Gottsegen said. “Instead of fighting it, we should wrap our arms around it and make it better.”
11月17日
指数: 97.8
Jumping all in is rarely ever successful. There are success stories about people who invested everything once and came out winners after six months or a couple years, but those are rare. Risk management is an essential factor in any startup, and balance is vital. You can absorb losses more easily if you take smaller risks in the beginning. Those will provide essential and productive lessons.

8.Wheel Skates

Bonus: Dashes and Lines

随着中国实力的抬升,其最好的友敌美国占了前10名的另一半。第5名和第9名分别是伯克希尔哈撒韦保险公司以及富国银行,这两家公司相较去年的排名均上升4位。
我发现自己经常担心一些事情

  • The pronunciation of a word is usually written between forward slashes: / Or backward slashes: \
  • Words are usually split up into syllables with dashes:
  • The stressed syllable (the one that you say more strongly) is marked with an apostrophe:
  • The secondary stress (a slightly stronger syllable, only found in longer words) is marked with a comma: ,

Now you try!

12. Scientists modify photosynthesis to boost crop yield
[k?mpi'tin]

  1. \ˈdik-shə-ˌner-ē\
  2. \ˈal-fə-ˌbet\
  3. \vō-ˈka-byə-ˌler-ē\

门窗企业O2O变革的关键的“四个要素”是什么?

  1. Dictionary
  2. Alphabet
  3. Vocabulary

How did you do?

The three-day China Development Forum 2016 kicked off in Beijing.

Before long, you will find it much easier to pronounce new words, even if you have never heard them before!
 

If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn English with real-world videos.

社保降费迈入实施期 30省养老保险费率降至16%

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