What Is Year-Over-Year (YOY)?
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Looking at YOY performance allows for gauging if a company's financial performance is improving, static, or worsening. For example, in financial reports, you may read that a particular business reported its revenues increased for the third quarter, on a YOY basis, for the last three years.
Explaining Year Over Year (YOY)
Understanding Year-Over-Year (YOY)
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- On the a monthly basis prices fell by an average 0.5 per cent.
Benefits of Year-Over-Year (YOY)
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For example, in the third quarter of 2017, Barrick Gold Corporation reported a net loss of $11 million, year-over-year. Further, the company reported net earnings of $175 million in the third quarter of 2016, which showed a decrease in Barrick Gold’s earnings from comparable, annual periods. This YOY comparison is also valuable for investment portfolios. Investors like to examine YOY performance to see how performance changes across time.
Reasoning Behind Year-over-Year (YOY)
YOY comparisons are popular when analyzing a company's performance because they help mitigate seasonality, a factor that can influence most businesses. Sales, profits, and other financial metrics change during different periods of the year because most lines of business have a peak season and a low demand season.
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YOY also differs from the term "sequential," which measures one quarter or month to the previous one and allows investors to see linear growth. For instance, the number of cell phones a tech company sold in the fourth quarter compared to the third quarter, or the number of seats an airline filled in January compared to December.
Real World Example
In a 2019 NASDAQ report, Kellogg Company released mixed results for the fourth quarter of 2018, revealing that its year-over-year earnings continue to decline, even while sales have increased following corporate acquisitions. Kellogg predicts that adjusted earnings will drop by a further 5% to 7% in 2019, as it continues to invest in alternate channels and pack formats.
This year's new college grads entering the workforce are being offered an average monthly salary of 4,014 yuan ($582), and about one-third of them chose to work in first-tier cities, according to survey results released by zhaopin.com, a Chinese online recruitment service provider.
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The remains of the monarch -- depicted by William Shakespeare as a monstrous hunchback and often viewed as one of English history's greatest villains -- will now be solemnly reburied in the local cathedral.
5. 地缘政治事件。不久之前，石油供应稍有差池，油价就会飙升。比如说2014年初，利比亚内乱造成该国石油出口中断，油价应声上涨。在伊拉克， 极端组织ISIS领了部分地区，石油供应中断的顾虑也造成油价急剧攀升。然而，自此之后，地缘政治事件对油价的影响大为减弱。2014年最后几周，利比亚再现战事。但市场仅在油价短暂上扬后便把这一问题抛诸脑后。不过，历史一再证明，地缘政治危机是对油价影响最大的短期因素之一。（财富中文网）